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Malaria and migration in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Edited by: Deyer Gopinath (, Zai-Xing Zhang (, Xiao-Nong Zhou ( )

With a rapidly growing population that is becoming increasingly mobile, the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is facing multitudinous challenges in the control of communicable diseases both within and across its borders. Indeed, the number of people from the East Asia and Pacific region living outside their countries of origin has increased by nearly 60% over the past 14 years (2000–2013), and, owing to the wide disparities in incomes across countries in the region, intraregional people mobility is even higher. Population mobility is a serious challenge to malaria elimination in the GMS requiring an inter-sectoral approach. The geographic expansion of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to artemisinin derivatives in GMS is an urgent public health concern, which has caused global concerns. The major risk for malaria transmission interruption in GMS is that surveillance as an intervention to block the malaria transmission is difficult to target the migrated population across-board.

The emergence of artemisinin resistance in the GMS will have catastrophic consequences if the problem is not contained and eliminated. World Health Organization (WHO) launched the Global Plan for Artemisinin Resistance Containment (GPARC) and the Framework for Emergency Response to Artemisinin Resistance (ERAR). The WHO ERAR has a distinct objective to address issues on mobile and migrant populations. The WHO ERAR project has completed a review of the current malaria situation across the GMS and within each of the six GMS countries from the perspective of migration. It considers the unique situation of each country and the common challenges to the region. Current responses and gaps to block transmission of malaria in GMS are identified and recommendations for future actions are clearly outlined. Therefore, this special issue is focus on the malaria transmission patterns in each country of GMS as well as the relationship between malaria transmission and population migration. 

  1. Content type: Case study

    In Cambodia, internal migration involves migrants moving from non-malaria endemic areas to malaria endemic areas and vice versa. The majority of them work in farms or forests with various malaria transmission ...

    Authors: Dysoley Lek, Deyer Gopinath, Sovann Ek, Sopheab Heng, Sreng Bun, Chy Say, Nguon Sokomar, Kheang Soy Ty and Huy Rekol

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2018 7:107

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Malaria is a major public health problem in Myanmar. Migrant populations are at high risk of contracting malaria and its control is more difficult than for settled population. Studies on malaria and migration ...

    Authors: Htin Zaw Soe, Aung Thi and Ni Ni Aye

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2017 6:142

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  3. Content type: Scoping Review

    Although the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is des...

    Authors: Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong and Odai Sichanthongthip

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2017 6:81

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  4. Content type: Research Article

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    Authors: Ru-Bo Wang, Jia-Qiang Dong, Zhi-Gui Xia, Tao Cai, Qing-Feng Zhang, Yao Zhang, Yang-Hui Tian, Xiao-Ying Sun, Guang-Yun Zhang, Qing-Pu Li, Xiao-Yu Xu, Jia-Yin Li and Jun Zhang

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2016 5:95

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    This paper seeks to assess the function of malaria control consultation and service posts (MCCSPs) that are located on the border areas of Yunnan province, P.R. China, as a strategy for eliminating malaria amo...

    Authors: Xu-Can Zeng, Xiao-Dong Sun, Jian-Xiong Li, Meng-Ni Chen, Dao-Wei Deng, Cang-Lin Zhang, Zu-Rui Lin, Zi-You Zhou, Yao-Wu Zhou, Ya-Ming Yang and Sheng Zhou

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2016 5:102

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Following the decline of malaria transmission in many countries and regions, serological parameters have become particularly useful for estimating malaria transmission in low-intensity areas. This study evalua...

    Authors: Mei-Xue Yao, Xiao-Dong Sun, Yu-Hui Gao, Zhi-Bin Cheng, Wei-Wei Deng, Jia-Jia Zhang and Heng Wang

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2016 5:98

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  7. Content type: Case Study

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    Authors: Jun Zhang, Jia-Qiang Dong, Jia-Ying Li, Yue Zhang, Yang-Hui Tian, Xiao-Ying Sun, Guang-Yun Zhang, Qing-Pu Li, Xiao-Yu Xu and Tao Cai

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2016 5:80

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Implementing effective interventions remain a lot of difficulties along all border regions. The emergence of artemisinin resistance of Plasmodium falciparum strains in the Greater Mekong Subregion is a matter of ...

    Authors: Jian-Wei Xu, Yong Li, Heng-Lin Yang, Jun Zhang, Zai-Xing Zhang, Ya-Ming Yang, Hong-Ning Zhou, Joshua Havumaki, Hua-Xian Li, Hui Liu, Hua Zhou, Xin-Yu Xie, Jia-Xiang Dong, Yue Zhang, Xiao-Ying Sun, Bo Li…

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2016 5:75

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    From 2007 to 2013, intensive control measures reduced malaria burden by 90 % along the China-Myanmar border. However, despite these measures a P. falciparum malaria outbreak was reported in the Shan Special Regio...

    Authors: Hui Liu, Jian-Wei Xu, Heng-Lin Yang, Mei Li, Cheng-De Sun, Yi-Jie Yin, Zhi-Liang Zheng, Guang-Yun Zhang, Ai-Shui Yu, Yong-Hui Yang, Chun-Hui Li and Shui Ai

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2016 5:32

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  10. Content type: Research Article

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    Authors: Xia Zhou, Sheng-Guo Li, Shen-Bo Chen, Jia-Zhi Wang, Bin Xu, He-Jun Zhou, Hong-Xiang Zhu Ge, Jun-Hu Chen and Wei Hu

    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2013 2:24

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