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Life Cycle Analysis

Biofuel technologies continue to be researched and improved and biofuel policies are being debated and shaken up. Ultimately, success of large-scale biofuel deployment depends on biofuel economics in the marketplace and true biofuel sustainability in political and social context. This special section in Biotechnology for Biofuels presents a collection of articles in the areas of techno-economic analysis, sustainability analysis and life-cycle analysis of biofuels for road and aviation transportation applications. The articles cover a variety of biomass feedstocks, conversion technologies, and biofuel end uses along the whole biofuel supply chain. They address critical issues such as economic drivers for biofuel costs, greenhouse gas emissions, water use impacts, and indirect land use changes. The up-to-date research results on these topics from authors will help the biofuel community identify biofuel R&D opportunities and challenges and the policy community develop sound, consistent biofuel policies so that biofuels will indeed play an important role in pursuing long-term sustainability of the transportation sector globally.

  1. Research

    Regional water footprints of potential biofuel production in China

    Development of biofuels is considered as one of the important ways to replace conventional fossil energy and mitigate climate change. However, rapid increase of biofuel production could cause other environment...

    Xiaomin Xie, Tingting Zhang, Liming Wang and Zhen Huang

    Biotechnology for Biofuels 2017 10:95

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  2. Research

    Life-cycle analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from renewable jet fuel production

    The introduction of renewable jet fuel (RJF) is considered an important emission mitigation measure for the aviation industry. This study compares the well-to-wake (WtWa) greenhouse gas (GHG) emission performa...

    Sierk de Jong, Kay Antonissen, Ric Hoefnagels, Laura Lonza, Michael Wang, André Faaij and Martin Junginger

    Biotechnology for Biofuels 2017 10:64

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  3. Research

    Techno-economic analysis and climate change impacts of sugarcane biorefineries considering different time horizons

    Ethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstocks (also known as 2nd generation or 2G ethanol process) presents a great potential for reducing both ethanol production costs and climate change impacts since ag...

    Tassia L. Junqueira, Mateus F. Chagas, Vera L. R. Gouveia, Mylene C. A. F. Rezende, Marcos D. B. Watanabe, Charles D. F. Jesus, Otavio Cavalett, Artur Y. Milanez and Antonio Bonomi

    Biotechnology for Biofuels 2017 10:50

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  4. Research

    Well-to-wake analysis of ethanol-to-jet and sugar-to-jet pathways

    To reduce the environmental impacts of the aviation sector as air traffic grows steadily, the aviation industry has paid increasing attention to bio-based alternative jet fuels (AJFs), which may provide lower ...

    Jeongwoo Han, Ling Tao and Michael Wang

    Biotechnology for Biofuels 2017 10:21

    Published on: 24 January 2017

  5. Research

    Stochastic techno-economic analysis of alcohol-to-jet fuel production

    Alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) is one of the technical feasible biofuel technologies. It produces jet fuel from sugary, starchy, and lignocellulosic biomass, such as sugarcane, corn grain, and switchgrass, via fermentat...

    Guolin Yao, Mark D. Staples, Robert Malina and Wallace E. Tyner

    Biotechnology for Biofuels 2017 10:18

    Published on: 19 January 2017