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Economic crisis in Europe and equity in health

Edited by Ms Amaia Bacigalupe, Dr Antonio Escolar Pujolar, Dr Miguel San Sebastian
International Journal for Equity in Health

An unprecedented economic crisis is affecting Europe, focusing mainly on the southern countries. Improving health and reducing health inequalities in this macro-economic environment is going to be a great challenge. This series showcases research from different disciplines and methodologies on a wide range of topics relating to the economic crisis in Europe and health inequalities.

This collection of articles has not been sponsored and articles have undergone the journal’s standard peer-review process. The Guest Editors declare no competing interests.

View all collections published in International Journal for Equity in Health


  1. Content type: Research

    The recent economic and financial crisis in Portugal urged the Portuguese Government in April 2011 to request financial assistance from the troika austerity bail out program to get aid for its government debt....

    Authors: Julia Doetsch, Eva Pilot, Paula Santana and Thomas Krafft

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:184

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  2. Content type: Research

    The effects of the recent global economic and financial crisis especially affected the most vulnerable social groups. Objective of the study was to investigate variation of self-perceived health status in Ital...

    Authors: Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola and Lidia Gargiulo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:98

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  3. Content type: Research

    Periods of financial crisis are associated with higher psychological stress among the population and greater use of mental health services. The objective is to analyse contextual factors associated with mental...

    Authors: Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Clara Bermúdez-Tamayo and Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:45

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  4. Content type: Research

    Several studies suggest that socioeconomic status affects (SES) affects self-rated health (SRH), both in Greece and internationally. However, prior research mainly uses objective measures of SES, instead of su...

    Authors: Antonios Charonis, Ilias-Ioannis Kyriopoulos, Manos Spanakis, Dimitris Zavras, Kostas Athanasakis, Elpida Pavi and John Kyriopoulos

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:40

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  5. Content type: Research

    The recent economic crisis has been a major shock not only to the economic sector, but also to the rest of society. Our main objective in this paper is to show the impact of the economic crisis on convergence,...

    Authors: Laia Maynou and Marc Saez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:135

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:178

  6. Content type: Research

    Greece has been severely affected by the 2008 global economic crisis and its health system was, and still is, among the national institutions most shaped by its effects.

    Authors: Angeliki Kerasidou, Patricia Kingori and Helena Legido-Quigley

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:118

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  7. Content type: Research

    Physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and entails a substantial economic burden for health systems. Also, the analysis of inequality in lifestyles for young population...

    Authors: Eduardo Gonzalo-Almorox and Rosa M. Urbanos-Garrido

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:106

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  8. Content type: Research

    The association between income inequality and societal performance has been intensely debated in recent decades. This paper reports how unmet need for medical care has changed in Europe during The Great Recess...

    Authors: Jon Ivar Elstad

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:101

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  9. Content type: Commentary

    Since the beginning of economic crisis, Greece has been experiencing unprecedented levels of unemployment and profound cuts to public budgets. Health and welfare sectors were subject to severe austerity measur...

    Authors: Marina Karanikolos and Alexander Kentikelenis

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:83

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  10. Content type: Research

    Unemployment has a number of negative consequences, such as decreased income and poor self-rated health. However, the relationships between unemployment, income, and health are not fully understood. Longitudin...

    Authors: Anne Grete Tøge

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:75

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  11. Content type: Research

    An economic crisis can widen health inequalities between individuals. The aim of this paper is to explore differences in the effect of socioeconomic characteristics on Spaniards’ self-assessed health status, d...

    Authors: Clara Barroso, Ignacio Abásolo and José J. Cáceres

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:62

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  12. Content type: Research

    Numerous studies have shown that macroeconomic changes have a great influence on health, prompting different concerns in recent literature about the effects of the current recession. The objetive of the study ...

    Authors: Amaia Bacigalupe, Santiago Esnaola and Unai Martín

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:17

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  13. Content type: Research

    Earlier research shows that there is an association between unemployment and poor mental health, and that recovery from the damages to mental health obtained during unemployment remains incomplete over a long ...

    Authors: Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström and Urban Janlert

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:14

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  14. Content type: Research

    Changes over time in self-rated health (SRH) are increasingly documented during the current economic crisis, though whether these are due to selection, causation, or methodological artefacts is unclear. This s...

    Authors: Dawit Shawel Abebe, Anne Grete Tøge and Espen Dahl

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:1

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2016 15:52

  15. Content type: Research

    Between 2006 and 2011 self-rated health (SRH) (the subjective report of an individual’s health status) actually improved in Spain despite its being in the grips of a serious economic recession. This study exam...

    Authors: Elena Arroyo, Gemma Renart and Marc Saez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:149

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  16. Content type: Research

    Inspired by the ‘Fundamental Cause Theory (FCT)’ we explore social inequalities in preventable versus relatively less-preventable illnesses in Spain. The focus is on the education-health gradient, as education...

    Authors: A.R. Zapata Moya, V. Buffel, C.J. Navarro Yáñez and P. Bracke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:131

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  17. Content type: Research

    Health inequalities reflect multidimensional inequality (income, education, and other indicators of socioeconomic position) and vary across countries and welfare regimes. To which extent there is intergenerati...

    Authors: Louis Chauvel and Anja K. Leist

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:132

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  18. Content type: Research

    Given the increasing number of people in Spain struggling to pay housing-related costs during the economic recession, it is important to assess the health status of these communities as compared to the general...

    Authors: Ana M. Novoa, Julia Ward, Davide Malmusi, Fernando Díaz, Mercè Darnell, Carme Trilla, Jordi Bosch and Carme Borrell

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:120

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  19. Content type: Research

    The objectives of the study were to explore the effect of the economic crisis on child health using Spain as a case study, and to document and assess the policies implemented in response to the crisis in this ...

    Authors: Luis Rajmil, Arjumand Siddiqi, David Taylor-Robinson and Nick Spencer

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:95

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  20. Content type: Commentary

    The economic crisis brought an unprecedented attention to the issue of health system sustainability in the developed world. The discussion, however, has been mainly limited to “traditional” issues of cost-effe...

    Authors: Lycourgos Liaropoulos and Ilias Goranitis

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:80

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    While previous research already exists on the impact of the current economic crisis and whether it leads to an increase in mortality by suicide, our objective in this paper is to determine if the increase in t...

    Authors: Carme Saurina, Manel Marzo and Marc Saez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2015 14:75

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  22. Content type: Research

    Although suicide rates have increased in some European countries in relation to the current economic crisis and austerity policies, that trend has not been observed in Spain. This study examines the impact of ...

    Authors: Juan Antonio Córdoba-Doña, Miguel San Sebastián, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Jesús Enrique Martínez-Faure and Per E Gustafsson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2014 13:55

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  23. Content type: Research

    To analyze the impacts of pharmaceutical sector policies implemented to contain country spending during the economic recession – a reference price system in Finland and a mix of policies including changes in r...

    Authors: Christine Leopold, Fang Zhang, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Sabine Vogler, Silvia Valkova, Dennis Ross-Degnan and Anita K Wagner

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2014 13:53

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  24. Content type: Research

    The social insurance system in Sweden underwent extensive change between 2006 and 2010, with the overall aim of making people enter the labour market. At the same time, economic recession hit Sweden. Previous ...

    Authors: Sandra Blomqvist, Bo Burström and Mona C Backhans

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2014 13:51

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  25. Content type: Research

    Health-income inequality has been the focus of many studies. The relationship between economic conditions and health has also been widely studied. However, not much is known about how changes in aggregate econ...

    Authors: Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir and Dagný Ósk Ragnarsdóttir

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2014 13:50

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  26. Content type: Research

    To investigate the magnitude of barriers in access to health services for chronic patients and the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics that affect them.

    Authors: Ilias-Ioannis Kyriopoulos, Dimitris Zavras, Anastasis Skroumpelos, Katerina Mylona, Kostas Athanasakis and John Kyriopoulos

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2014 13:54

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  27. Content type: Commentary

    In 2009, Europe was hit by one of the worst debt crises in history. Although the Eurozone crisis is often depicted as an effect of government mismanagement and corruption, it was a consequence of the 2008 U.S....

    Authors: Roberto De Vogli

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2014 13:58

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