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Coronaviruses: emerging and re-emerging pathogens in humans and animals

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Edited by
Susanna K. P. Lau, The University of Hong Kong
Hayes Luk, The University of Hong Kong
Siddharth Sridhar, The University of Hong Kong
Linfa Wang, Duke-NUS, Singapore


This thematic series published in Virology Journal emphasizes advances and key discoveries in the animal origin, viral evolution, epidemiology, diagnostics and pathogenesis of different emerging and re-emerging coronaviruses.

We are proud to announce that "Coronaviruses: emerging and re-emerging pathogens in humans and animals" is currently open for submissions - please submit here.

Originally published in 2015 and addressing the serious outbreaks of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), this thematic series is now again timely due to the new SARS-CoV-2 virus, responsible for an outbreak of respiratory illness known as COVID-19, which has spread to several countries around the world.

The Editors of Virology Journal felt that it would be timely and appropriate to relaunch a new call for papers to be published in this thematic series.

This collection of articles has not been sponsored and articles have undergone the journal’s standard peer-review process. The Guest Editors declare no competing interests.

Submission instructions

Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you have carefully read the submission guidelines for Virology Journal.

The complete manuscript should be submitted through the journal submission system.

To ensure that you submit to the correct thematic series please select this thematic series in the drop-down menu upon submission.

View all collections in Virology Journal.

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  1. The Covid19 infection is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, a novel member of the coronavirus (CoV) family. CoV genomes code for a ORF1a / ORF1ab polyprotein and four structural proteins widely studied as major d...

    Authors: Christian Jean Michel, Claudine Mayer, Olivier Poch and Julie Dawn Thompson
    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:131
  2. Currently, one of the most reliable methods for viral infection detection are polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based assays. This process is time and resource heavy, requiring multiple steps of lysis, extractio...

    Authors: Zachary P. Morehouse, Caleb M. Proctor, Gabriella L. Ryan and Rodney J. Nash
    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:129
  3. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection has spread rapidly across the world and become an international public health emergency. Both SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV belong to subfamily Coronav...

    Authors: Yicheng Yang, Zhiqiang Xiao, Kaiyan Ye, Xiaoen He, Bo Sun, Zhiran Qin, Jianghai Yu, Jinxiu Yao, Qinghua Wu, Zhang Bao and Wei Zhao
    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:117
  4. Since the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, many studies have reported the presence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the conjunctival sac of pa...

    Authors: Dongyu Guo, Jianhua Xia, Yang Wang, Xuhong Zhang, Ye Shen and Jian-Ping Tong
    Citation: Virology Journal 2020 17:97
  5. Coronaviruses (CoVs) primarily cause enzootic infections in birds and mammals but, in the last few decades, have shown to be capable of infecting humans as well. The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndro...

    Authors: Dewald Schoeman and Burtram C. Fielding
    Citation: Virology Journal 2019 16:69
  6. Following the initial isolation of porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) from pigs with diarrheal disease in the United States in 2014, the virus has been detected on swine farms in some provinces of China. To date...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Zhai, Wen-Kang Wei, Xiao-Peng Li, Xiao-Hui Wen, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Dian-Hong Lv, Feng Li and Dan Wang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:136
  7. Bats have been implicated as the main reservoir of coronavirus (CoV). Thus the role of these hosts on the evolution and spread of CoVs currently deserve the attention of emerging diseases surveillance programs...

    Authors: Karen Miyuki Asano, Aline Santana Hora, Karin Côrrea Scheffer, Willian Oliveira Fahl, Keila Iamamoto, Enio Mori and Paulo Eduardo Brandão
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:110

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:124

  8. Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a widely distributed pathogen, causing disease and economic losses in the cattle industry worldwide. Prevention of virus spread is impeded by a lack of basic knowledge concerning v...

    Authors: Veslemøy Sunniva Oma, Madeleine Tråvén, Stefan Alenius, Mette Myrmel and Maria Stokstad
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:100
  9. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly contagious virus infecting pigs of all ages with high morbidity and mortality among newborn piglets. Currently, there is no effective vaccine available to pro...

    Authors: Niraj Makadiya, Robert Brownlie, Jan van den Hurk, Nathalie Berube, Brenda Allan, Volker Gerdts and Alexander Zakhartchouk
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:57
  10. Infectious bronchitis is a severe disease caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) that affects fowl flocks worldwide. The understanding of the mechanisms involved in IBV evolution and variation would provi...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Xiao-yu Liu, Ye Zhao, Yang Chen, Jing Zhao and Guo-zhong Zhang
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:40
  11. Despite the worldwide circulation of human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) and HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1), data on their molecular epidemiology and evolutionary dynamics in the tropical Southeast Asia region is lacking.

    Authors: Maryam Nabiel Al-Khannaq, Kim Tien Ng, Xiang Yong Oong, Yong Kek Pang, Yutaka Takebe, Jack Bee Chook, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Kok Keng Tee
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:33
  12. Human Coronaviruses (HCoV) are a common cause of respiratory illnesses and are responsible for considerable morbidity and hospitalization across all age groups especially in individuals with compromised immuni...

    Authors: Lenata A. Sipulwa, Juliette R. Ongus, Rodney L. Coldren and Wallace D. Bulimo
    Citation: Virology Journal 2016 13:18
  13. The first known cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), associated with infection by a novel coronavirus (CoV), occurred in 2012 in Jordan but were reported retrospectively. The case first to be publ...

    Authors: Ian M. Mackay and Katherine E. Arden
    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:222
  14. Bats have been recognized as the natural reservoirs of a large variety of viruses. Special attention has been paid to bat coronaviruses as the two emerging coronaviruses which have caused unexpected human dise...

    Authors: Ben Hu, Xingyi Ge, Lin-Fa Wang and Zhengli Shi
    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:221
  15. Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified to cause severe respiratory infection in humans since 2012. The continuing MERS epidemic with a case-fatality of more than 30 % poses a ma...

    Authors: Jie Zhou, Hin Chu, Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan and Kwok-Yung Yuen
    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:218
  16. The enteric disease of swine recognized in the early 1970s in Europe was initially described as “epidemic viral diarrhea” and is now termed “porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED)”. The coronavirus referred to as PED...

    Authors: Changhee Lee
    Citation: Virology Journal 2015 12:193

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:19