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16th Symposium on Companion Vector-Borne Diseases (CVBD)

This thematic series published in Parasites & Vectors comprises papers submitted in relation to the 16th Symposium of the CVBD® World Forum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 9th – 12th May 2022, that was sponsored by Elanco Animal Health.

The article processing charges (APC) for the articles in this series were funded by Elanco Animal Health. All articles in this series have undergone the journal’s standard peer-review process overseen by the Editors, and each article can also be found individually in the journal. A detailed conflict of interest statement is included within each article.



  1. Canine leishmaniosis caused by the protozoan Leishmania infantum is a complex infection due to its variable clinical signs and laboratory findings. Therefore, a broad range of techniques is available for diagnosi...

    Authors: Marta Baxarias, Júlia Viñals, Alejandra Álvarez-Fernández, Mª Magdalena Alcover and Laia Solano-Gallego
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:164
  2. There are several screening tools for detecting Leishmania infantum infection in dogs and various preventive measures to protect against it. Some studies have investigated them, but not many have described their ...

    Authors: Marta Baxarias, Josep Homedes, Cristina Mateu, Charalampos Attipa and Laia Solano-Gallego
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:134
  3. Dipilidiosis is a parasitic disease caused by the tapeworm Dipylidium caninum. Fleas and, less frequently, lice act as an intermediate host, and their ingestion is required for infection to occur. While the disea...

    Authors: Julieta Rousseau, Andry Castro, Teresa Novo and Carla Maia
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:131
  4. Feline leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is often associated with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection; however, the role and clinical significance of this coinfection remain unknown. This stud...

    Authors: Vito Priolo, Marisa Masucci, Giulia Donato, Laia Solano-Gallego, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Maria Flaminia Persichetti, Ana Raya-Bermúdez, Fabrizio Vitale and Maria Grazia Pennisi
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:107
  5. Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) results from a multifactorial degenerative process that leads to rupture of the ligament. Vector-borne pathogens (VBP) in dogs can induce joint disease but their role i...

    Authors: María-Dolores Tabar, Javier Tabar, Carolina Naranjo, Laura Altet and Xavier Roura
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:105
  6. Relapsing fever borreliosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Borrelia, inflicting recurrent episodes of fever and spirochetemia in humans. Borrelia persica, the causative agent of relapsin...

    Authors: Gad Baneth, Ann Dvorkin, Bar Ben-Shitrit, Gabriela Kleinerman, Harold Salant, Reinhard K. Straubinger and Yaarit Nachum-Biala
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:102
  7. Dirofilaria immitis is a parasitic nematode endemic in the Mediterranean countries, which causes cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis in wild and domestic animals. Despite being recognized hosts of D. immitis, wild car...

    Authors: Sónia Gomes-de-Sá, Sérgio Santos-Silva, Alícia de Sousa Moreira, Patrícia Ferreira Barradas, Irina Amorim, Luís Cardoso and João R. Mesquita
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:119
  8. Leishmaniosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in the Mediterranean basin caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. While in dogs disease may be severe, leishmaniosis is also a public...

    Authors: Aurora Müller, Ana Montoya, Cristina Escacena, María de la Cruz, Ana Junco, Andrés Iriso, Eloy Marino, Fernando Fúster and Guadalupe Miró
    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2022 15:96