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CNS Fluid and Solute Movement: Physiology, Modelling and Imaging

Stephen B. Hladky and Margery A. Barrand, 2018In health, solute and fluid movement within the cerebrospinal and interstitial fluid spaces of the brain is crucial for neural and overall brain function. In addition, it has important implications for drug delivery to the brain and for neurological diseases. Advances in imaging and modelling have provided new insights into such movement (e.g. the proposed glymphatic system and dural lymphatics) and into the importance of fluid for CNS physiology and immunology. However, they have also engendered much controversy.

We invite authors to submit their relevant papers to an exciting thematic series, published by Fluids and Barriers of the CNS, that addresses advances in our understanding of fluid and solute movement into, out of, and within the CNS.

This collection of articles has not been sponsored and articles have undergone the journal’s standard peer-review process.

  1. Content type: Research

    This study investigated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamics using cine phase-contrast MRI in the cerebral aqueduct and the prepontine cistern between three distinct groups: pre-shunt normal pressure hydroc...

    Authors: Robert B. Hamilton, Fabien Scalzo, Kevin Baldwin, Amber Dorn, Paul Vespa, Xiao Hu and Marvin Bergsneider

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2019 16:2

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  2. Content type: Research

    The roles of the choroid plexus (CP) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production have drawn increasing attention in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) research. Specifically, studies document markedly decreased CSF product...

    Authors: Shawn Kant, Edward G. Stopa, Conrad E. Johanson, Andrew Baird and Gerald D. Silverberg

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2018 15:34

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  3. Content type: Review

    This review considers efflux of substances from brain parenchyma quantified as values of clearances (CL, stated in µL g−1 min−1). Total clearance of a substance is the sum of clearance values for all available ro...

    Authors: Stephen B. Hladky and Margery A. Barrand

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2018 15:30

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  4. Content type: Research

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of abnormally high intracranial pressure with an unknown etiology. The objective of this study is to characterize craniospinal compliance and measure t...

    Authors: Monica D. Okon, Cynthia J. Roberts, Ashraf M. Mahmoud, Andrew N. Springer, Robert H. Small, John M. McGregor and Steven E. Katz

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2018 15:21

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  5. Content type: Research

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is thought to flow into the brain via perivascular spaces around arteries, where it mixes with interstitial fluid. The precise details concerning fluid outflow remain controversial. A...

    Authors: Shinuo Liu, Magdalena A. Lam, Alisha Sial, Sarah J. Hemley, Lynne E. Bilston and Marcus A. Stoodley

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2018 15:13

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  6. Content type: Research

    The spinal subarachnoid space (SSS) has a complex 3D fluid-filled geometry with multiple levels of anatomic complexity, the most salient features being the spinal cord and dorsal and ventral nerve rootlets. An...

    Authors: Lucas R. Sass, Mohammadreza Khani, Gabryel Connely Natividad, R. Shane Tubbs, Olivier Baledent and Bryn A. Martin

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2017 14:36

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  7. Content type: Research

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) does not only ascertain morphological features, but also measures physiological properties such as fluid velocity or pressure gradient. The purpose of this study was to investi...

    Authors: Ken Takizawa, Mitsunori Matsumae, Naokazu Hayashi, Akihiro Hirayama, Satoshi Yatsushiro and Kagayaki Kuroda

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2017 14:29

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  8. Content type: Research

    A classification of cardiac- and respiratory-driven components of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) motion has been demonstrated using echo planar imaging and time-spatial labeling inversion pulse techniques of magnet...

    Authors: Ken Takizawa, Mitsunori Matsumae, Saeko Sunohara, Satoshi Yatsushiro and Kagayaki Kuroda

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2017 14:25

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  9. Content type: Research

    Postural changes are related to changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics. While sitting up leads to a decrease in cranial CSF pressure, it also causes shifts in the craniospinal CSF volume and compliance ...

    Authors: Manuel Gehlen, Vartan Kurtcuoglu and Marianne Schmid Daners

    Citation: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS 2017 14:5

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