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Open access funding

Organizations with open access funding and policies

In order to support authors who choose to make their research articles immediately available upon publication, BioMed Central and Springer Nature have compiled a list of research funders and institutions worldwide that fund open access article-processing charges (APCs). Funding sources are listed by country, and links to each organization’s open access (OA) funding and policy pages have been included where available. Please note that this page currently only shows open access policies for funders or institutions that make open access funding available.

The information on this page is updated regularly, and reflects APC funding sources to the best of our knowledge. To suggest updates or additions to this list, please contact us at

In addition to these sources of funding, over 500 institutions are part of BioMed Central’s membership program. Member institutions actively support open access by arranging fully-prepaid or discounted APCs for their affiliated researchers. To check if your institution is a member, please visit our membership page.

Types of OA funding

The open access funding type of each organization in the list below has been indicated by one or more of the following annotations:

  1. APC funding may be included in the initial research grant application budget
  2. Grantees may use remaining research funds for APCs
  3. Offers a dedicated open access fund
  4. Institution distributes block grant from one or more major funding bodies, such as RCUK, COAF, or DFG


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Australian Research Council (ARC)1

National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)2


Bond University3

Queensland University of Technology3

University of Wollongong3


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Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna

Austrian Science Fund (FWF)1

Austrian Partnership Programme in Higher Education & Research for Development - APPEAR3

Commission for Development Research at the OeAD-GmbH (KEF)1


University of Linz3

University of Salzburg3

University of Vienna3

Vienna University of Technology3


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Fund for Scientific Research (Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique - FNRS)2


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Canadian Cancer Society (CCS)1

Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (CFHI) [formerly CHSRF]1

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)1, 2

Genome Canada1

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada (HSF) (Fondation des maladies du cœur du Canada (FMC))1

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)1

Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR)1, 2

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)1

Prostate Cancer Canada (PCC)1

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)1


Brock University3

Carleton University3

Concordia University3

Memorial University of Newfoundland3

Ontario Institute for Cancer Research3

Ryerson University, Toronto3

Simon Fraser University3

University of Calgary3

University of Ottawa3

University of Saskatchewan3

York University3


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National Natural Science Foundation of China1

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)3

Czech Republic

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Brno University of Technology3


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Danish National Research Foundation2


Aarhus University3


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Estonian Research Council1, 2


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European Research Council (ERC)1, 2

European Commission (including Marie Curie Fellowships)2, 3



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Academy of Finland1


Aalto University3


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Alexander von Humboldt Foundation3


German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - DFG)3, 4

Helmholtz Association1

Leibniz Consortium3, 4

Volkswagen Foundation (Volkswagen Stiftung)1


Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg3, 4

Bielefield University3, 4

Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz)3, 4

Clausthal University of Technology (TU Clausthal)3, 4

Dortmund University of Technology (TU Dortmund)3, 4

Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden)3, 4

European Molecular Biology Laboratory3

Free University of Berlin (Freie Universitat Berlin)3, 4

Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU)3, 4

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW)3

Hamburg-Harburg University of Technology (TUHH)3, 4

Heidelberg University3, 4

Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf4

Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz3, 4

Justus Liebig University Giessen3, 4

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)3, 4

Leibniz University of Hannover3, 4

Leipzig University (Universität Leipzig)4

Munich University of Technology (TU München)3, 4

Ruhr University Bochum3, 4

University of Bamberg3

University of Bayreuth3, 4

University of Bremen3, 4

University of Duisburg-Essen3

University of Goettingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)3, 4

University of Kassel3, 4

University of Konstanz (Universität Konstanz)3, 4

University of Marburg (Philipps-Universität Marburg)3, 4

University of Münster (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)3, 4

University of Potsdam3, 4

University of Regensburg3, 4

University of Rostock

University of Stuttgart3, 4

University of Tübingen3, 4

University of Ulm3, 4

University of Würzburg3

Witten/Herdecke University


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Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia - MTA)2

Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA)1, 2


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Rannís (Icelandic Centre for Research)1


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Center for International Forestry Research3


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Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP)2

World Cancer Research Fund1

World Health Organisation (WHO)1

Worldwide Cancer Research (formerly the Association for International Cancer Research (AICR))3


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Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)1, 2


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Fondazione Cariplo1, 2

Telethon Foundation, Italy3


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Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)2


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International Livestock Research Institute3


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Research Council of Lithuania1, 2


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Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)3


Delft University of Technology3

University of Twente3

Utrecht University3

New Zealand

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Lincoln University3


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Research Council of Norway3


BI Norwegian Business School (BI Handelshøyskolen)3

Norwegian University of Life Sciences3

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)3

Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences3

Sogn og Fjordane University College3

University College of Southeast Norway3

University of Agder3

University of Bergen3

University of Nordland3

University of Tromsø3

Volda University College3


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Foundation for Science and Technology (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia)1, 2


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Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) Singapore1, 2

Singapore National Research Foundation (NRF)2

South Africa

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Stellenbosch University3

University of Cape Town3


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University of Barcelona3


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Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas)1

FORTE - Swedish Council for health, labor and welfare (Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd)1

Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation1, 2

Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet)1, 2

The Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Science / Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation (Stiftelsen Riksbankens Jubileumsfond)1

Östersjöstiftelsen - The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies1


Lund University3


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European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)3

Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)1, 2


University of Zurich3


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Academy of Medical Sciences1, 2

Action on Hearing Loss2

Arthritis Research UK [including COAF block grant]3, 4

Bloodwise (formally Leukaemia and Lymphoma Research) [COAF block grant]2, 4

British Heart Foundation [including COAF block grant]3, 4

Cancer Research UK [including COAF block grant]2, 4

Children with Cancer UK3

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation1

Chief Scientist Office (SCO) - Linked to NHS Research Scotland (NRS)3

Department of Health (NHS/NIHR - National Institute for Health Research)1

Department for International Development (DFID)1

Dunhill Medical Trust3

Prostate Cancer UK1

Leverhulme Foundation1

Marie Curie Cancer Care1, 2

Motor Neurone Disease Association (MNDA) 3

Myrovlytis Trust 3

Parkinson’s UK2, 4

Research Councils UK (RCUK, including AHRC, BBSRC, ESRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC, STFC) 4

Stroke Association1

Wellcome Trust [including COAF block grant]3, 4

Wellcome Trust Library3

Yorkshire Cancer Research 3


Aberystwyth University4

Anglia Ruskin University 3

Aston University3, 4

Babraham Institute4
Bangor University4

Birkbeck College, University of London4

Bournemouth University 3

Brunel University3

Cardiff University3, 4

City University London4

Cranfield University4

De Montfort University4

Durham University4

EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute4

Heriot-Watt University4

Imperial College London3, 4

Institute for Fiscal Studies4

Institute of Cancer Research, University of London4

Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex4

Institute of Education, University of London4

Institute of Food Research4

Keele University4

King’s College London4

Kingston University4

Lancaster University4

Leeds Beckett University3

Liverpool John Moores University4

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine4
London Metropolitan University4

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)4

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine4

Loughborough University4

Manchester Metropolitan University4

Middlesex University4

MRC Centre Cambridge4

MRC Toxicology Unit4

National Institute of Agricultural Botany4
National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton4

Natural History Museum4

NERC British Antarctic Survey4

NERC British Geological Survey4

NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology4

Newcastle University3, 4

Northumbria University3, 4

Nottingham Trent University4

Open University4

Oxford Brookes University4

Pirbright Institute4
Plymouth Marine Laboratory4
Plymouth University4

Queen Mary University of London4

Queen’s University Belfast4

Rothamsted Research4
Royal Holloway, University of London4

Royal Veterinary College, University of London4

School of Oriental & African Studies (SOAS), University of London4

Scottish Association for Marine Science4
Sheffield Hallam University4

St. George’s University of London4

Swansea University4

UCL School of Pharmacy4

University College London (UCL)3, 4

University of Aberdeen4

University of Bath4

University of Birmingham4

University of Bradford4

University of Brighton4

University of Bristol4

University of Cambridge4

University of Central Lancashire4

University of Dundee3, 4

University of East Anglia4

University of East London4

University of Edinburgh3, 4

University of Essex4

University of Exeter4

University of Glasgow4

University of Hertfordshire3, 4

University of Huddersfield3, 4

University of Hull4

University of Kent3, 4

University of Leeds4

University of Leicester4

University of Lincoln4

University of Liverpool4

University of London, School of Advanced Studies3, 4

University of Manchester4

University of Nottingham3, 4

University of Oxford4

University of Portsmouth3, 4

University of Reading4

University of Salford3

University of Sheffield4

University of Southampton4

University of St. Andrews3, 4

University of Stirling3

University of Strathclyde4

University of Surrey4

University of Sussex4

University of the West of England4

University of Ulster4

University of Warwick4

University of Westminster4

University of York4


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BrightFocus Foundation1

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation3

Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation1, 2

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation1

National Science Foundation (NSF)1, 2

National Institutes of Health (NIH)1, 2

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)1

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)3


Allegheny College3

Boston College3

Brandeis University3

Carnegie Mellon University3

Cornell University3

Columbia University3

Dartmouth College (University)3

Duke University3

East Carolina University3

Emory University3

Florida International University3

George Mason University3

Grand Valley State University3

Gustavus Adolphus College3

Harvard University3

Indiana University3

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY3

Kansas State University3

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)3

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center3

Northwestern University3

Oregon State University3

Pennsylvania State University3

Samuel Merritt University3

Southern Illinois University3

Texas A & M University3

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center3

Tufts University, Medford3

University of Arizona3

University of California, Berkeley3

University of California, Davis3

University of California, Santa Barbara3

University of Colorado, Boulder3

University of Dayton, Ohio3

University of Illinois3

University of Iowa3

University of Kansas3

University of Maryland3

University of Minnesota3

University of North Carolina, Charlotte3

University of North Carolina, Greensboro3

University of Northern British Columbia3

University of Northern Colorado3

University of Oklahoma3

University of Rhode Island3

University of Tennessee, Knoxville3

University of Texas at Arlington3

University of Virginia3

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee3

Utah State University3

Virginia Commonwealth University3

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University3

Wake Forest University3