MudS, a microtubule binding protein isoform, appears to be a key regulator in production of binucleate cells, by triggering cells to go through mitosis without cytokinesis, during development of the Drosophila male accessory gland.
Farmer and non-farmer clones of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum do not differ in their ability to consume novel toxic strains of E. coli with increased numbers of bacteria or amoebae improving their respective likelihood of competitive victory over the other.
In critically ill adult patients, percutaneous tracheotomy techniques can be performed faster than a surgical tracheostomy and also reduce stoma inflammation and infection.
Chromosomal aberrations underlie genetic disease in roughly 15% of patients with multiple congenital abnormalities and/or mental retardation. A new review discusses current methods for breakpoint identification and their impact on the interpretation of chromosome abmormalities.
In a systematic review, evidence for the protective effects of influenza vaccination in patients with end-stage renal disease is limited, highlighting the need for more studies to assess vaccine effectiveness in this at-risk population.
Birds lack numerous protein coding genes which are present in the majority of other vertebrate lineages in conserved syntenic clusters
Analysis of cancer incidence data in England reveals that risk of breast and gynaecological cancers varies by ethnic group but groups typically grouped together are not homogenous with regards to their cancer risk.
Population-based data from 30 sub-Saharan African countries provides country-level prevalence estimates of tobacco use, demonstrating varying use of smoking and smokeless tobacco that are linked to social determinants such as gender, age and education.
There is a growing body of evidence that B chromosomes in vertebrates, once regarded as genetically inert, harbor protein-coding genes that affect host fitness and evolution.
Evidence from a meta-analysis suggests that there are sex differences in risk factors for mortality after myocardial infarction (MI), providing information that should inform prediction models to improve risk assessment for men and women.
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