Babesia lengau associated with cerebral and haemolytic babesiosis in two domestic cats
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:128 (1 May 2013)
Babesia lengau, initially described from clinically normal cheetahs, was associated with cerebral and haemolytic babesiosis, respectively, in two domestic cats in South Africa. Image: Congestion of brain of affected cat, with multiple petechiae.
Seropositivity rates for agents of canine vector-borne diseases in Spain: a multicentre study
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:117 (22 April 2013)
This study determines seropositivity rates in Spain for agents causing the following five CVBD using two commercial in-clinic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits: leishmaniosis, heartworm, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis and Lyme disease. Image: CVBD prevalences recorded for seven Spanish geographical regions.
Co-infection with Anaplasma platys, Bartonella henselae and Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum in a veterinarian
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:103 (15 April 2013)
Veterinarians should attempt to limit occupational, zoonotic risks during daily activities. Physicians, caring for animal health professionals, should consider the possibility of persistent vector-borne zoonoses in their differential diagnoses. Image: Field necropsy of a horse.
Redescription of Hepatozoon felis (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) based on phylogenetic analysis, tissue and blood form morphology, and possible transplacental transmission
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:102 (15 April 2013)
Histopathologic, hematologic, clinical, epidemiological and genetic findings on domestic cat hepatozoonosis have promoted the redescription of a morphologically and genetically distinct species, Hepatozoon felis, which has predilection to infecting muscular tissues, and is highly prevalent in the cat population studied. Image: Hepatozoon felis gamont in blood of a domestic cat.
Bartonella henselae bacteremia in a mother and son potentially associated with tick exposure
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:101 (15 April 2013)
Bartonella DNA was detected in the blood, blood culture, and from DNA extracted from the striae lesion. This is the first laboratory evidence of the presence of a Bartonella spp. DNA in this type of lesion. Image: Gross appearance of striae located on the thigh of a patient positive for Bartonella henselae infection.
Seroepidemiology of canine leishmaniosis in Évora (southern Portugal): 20-year trends
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:100 (15 April 2013)
Trends in the seroprevalence of canine Leishmania infection in the municipality of ¿vora (southern Portugal) are revealed from investigations conducted in the years of 1990, 1999 and 2010. Image: Direct agglutination test (DAT) plate.
Feline vector-borne pathogens in the north and centre of Portugal
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:99 (15 April 2013)
Infections with vector-borne pathogens Babesia canis, Babesia vogeli, Hepatozoon felis and Leishmania infantum were molecularly detected in domestic cats sampled from the northern and central regions of Portugal. Image: Domestic cat from Portugal exposed to vector-borne pathogens.
Bartonella henselae infection in a family experiencing neurological and neurocognitive abnormalities after woodlouse hunter spider bites
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:98 (15 April 2013)
Are Bartonella henselae infections in humans acquired via spider bites? Image: Woodlouse hunter spider, Dysdera crocata, collected adjacent to the family home.
Are vector-borne pathogen co-infections complicating the clinical presentation in dogs?
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:97 (15 April 2013)
The atypical clinical signs and mild to severe haematological abnormalities have been described in seven co-infected dogs. Dealing with CVBDs in endemic areas the diagnostic approach should include microscopy, serology and PCR testing. Image: Tongue ulcers in a dog infected by Leishmania infantum.
Risk of canine and human exposure to Dirofilaria immitis infected mosquitoes in endemic areas of Italy
Frangipane di Regalbono,
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:60 (7 March 2013)
The risk of exposure of dogs and humans to Dirofilaria immitis infected mosquitoes was determined. In endemic areas, the risk of transmission can be very high for dogs and relevant for humans. Image: Catching fed mosquitoes resting on the net ( photograph courtesy Mario Frangipane di Regalbono).
A flea and tick collar containing 10% imidacloprid and 4.5% flumethrin prevents flea transmission of Bartonella henselae in cats
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:26 (25 January 2013)
Ctenocephalides felis is a vector for Bartonella henselae and the organism can live in flea frass for at least 9 days. Wearing a collar containing imidacloprid and moxidectin blocked B. henselae infection amongst cats for 8 months. Image: Adult Ctenocephalides felis and frass.
Efficacy of a combination of 10% imidacloprid and 1% moxidectin against Caparinia tripilis in African pygmy hedgehog ( Atelerix albiventris)
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:158 (7 August 2012)
The efficacy and safety of a combination formulation of 10% imidacloprid + 1.0% moxidectin spot-on were tested in 40 African pygmy hedgehogs, naturally infested with Caparinia tripilis. The dosage level of 0.1 ml/Kg, which corresponded to the recommended dosage level for cat, was also effective for the control of the mite infestation in hedgehogs. Image: Self-trauma of a hedgehog due to Caparinia infestation.
Heartworms, macrocyclic lactones, and the specter of resistance to prevention in the United States
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:138 (9 July 2012)
A historical background related to some of the concerns surrounding the potential development of resistance of the canine heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, to macrocyclic lactone preventives.
Image: The specter of heartworm resistance in the USA.
First report of canine ocular thelaziosis by Thelazia callipaeda in Portugal
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:124 (21 June 2012)
From July to November 2011, nine dogs with ocular discharge and conjunctivitis were detected with eyeworms, Thelazia callipaeda, at two veterinary clinics in the cities of Chaves and Braganca (northern Portugal). Image: Several Thelazia callipaeda nematodes in the conjunctiva of a dog.
Tongue nodules in canine leishmaniosis — a case report
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:120 (15 June 2012)
A clinical case of tongue soft nodules containing Leishmania amastigotes is described in a 3-year-old neutered female Labrador Retriever dog with a diagnosis of leishmaniosis carried out two years previously. Image: Reddish nodular lesions on the rostral portion of the tongue before treatment.
Detection of Leishmania infantum DNA mainly in Rhipicephalus sanguineus male ticks removed from dogs living in endemic areas of canine leishmaniosis
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:98 (21 May 2012)
This study describes a high prevalence of L. infantum DNA in R. sanguineus ticks removed from L. infantum seropositive and seronegative dogs. The presence of L. infantum DNA was detected mainly in male ticks. Image: Male tick from dog.
Molecular xenomonitoring of Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens in mosquitoes from north-eastern Italy by real-time PCR coupled with melting curve analysis
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:76 (20 April 2012)
This study shown the specificity of real-time PCR assay coupled with melting curve analysis for detection and delineation between Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens in naturally infected mosquitoes. Image: Dirofilaria repens, Dirofilaria immitis, Aedes vexans specimens and representative melting curve analysis.
First report of venereal and vertical transmission of canine leishmaniosis from naturally infected dogs in Germany
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:67 (1 April 2012)
We report a case of canine leishmaniosis in a female boxer dog from central Germany, an area without the presence of sandflies. The infection was acquired venerally and transmitted vertically to one puppy of the next generation. Image: An IFAT, positive for Leishmania infantum.
Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma spp. and Leishmania infantum in apparently healthy and CVBD-suspect dogs in Portugal - a national serological study
Madeira de Carvalho
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:62 (27 March 2012)
Seroprevalence of infection with or exposure to Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma spp. and Leishmania infantum was assessed in dogs from Portugal. Results are expected to give veterinarians and public health authorities an increased awareness on canine vector-borne diseases and to promote control actions. Image: Map of Portugal over vector arthropods and agents of canine vector-borne diseases.
Occurrence and identification of risk areas of Ixodes ricinus-borne pathogens: a cost-effectiveness analysis in north-eastern Italy
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:61 (27 March 2012)
The scenario of pathogens transmitted by the tick Ixodes ricinus was determined in north-eastern Italy. Three sampling strategies were evaluated a-posteriori, and the impact of each strategy on the final results and the overall cost reductions were analyzed. Image: Ixodes ricinus, questing adults.
Current situation of Leishmania infantum infection in shelter dogs in northern Spain
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:60 (27 March 2012)
The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of specific antibodies to L. infantum among stray dogs living in shelters in the north of Spain. This area has been considered a non-endemic area for canine leishmaniosis up to date. Image: The dogs included in the study live outdoors where they were exposed to the bites of hematophagous arthropods including phlebotomine sand flies.
Vector-Borne Diseases - constant challenge for practicing veterinarians: recommendations from the CVBD World Forum
Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:55 (20 March 2012)
The Canine Vector-Borne Diseases (CVBD) World Forum is a multidisciplinary group of experts from around the world who meet annually to share the latest advances in the knowledge of CVBDs. From advice on education and diagnosis to prevention and public health, the members of the CVBD World Forum have sought to empower veterinarians through recommendations focused on the day-to-day opportunities veterinarians have to play their part in protecting their clients and communities from the threat of CVBDs. Image: Ixodes spp.
Efficacy of imidacloprid + moxidectin and selamectin topical solutions against the KS1 Ctenocephalides felis flea strain infesting cats
Parasites & Vectors 2011, 4:174 (13 September 2011)
This paper describes the results of two studies where the initial and residual speed of kill of an imidacloprid + moxidectin and a selamectin topical formulation were evaluated against the KS1 cat flea strain. Image: Cat with flea allergy dermatitis.
Thelazia callipaeda: infection in dogs: a new parasite for Spain
Parasites & Vectors 2011, 4:148 (27 July 2011)
This study describes the first autochthonous cases of infection by Thelazia callipaeda in dogs from central western Spain where the first case of eyeworm infection was reported. Based on the high infection prevalence recorded, 39.9%, the potential public health risk to humans from this region is discussed. Image: One free eyeworm visible in a dog from Spain with oedema and severe chemosis, diagnosed with ocular thelaziosis
Hippobosca longipennis - a potential intermediate host of a species of Acanthocheilonema in dogs in northern India
Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd
Parasites & Vectors 2011, 4:143 (22 July 2011)
This study confirmed biological involvement of Hippobosca longipennis for Acanthocheilonema sp. nov.? in northern India and its role as an intermediate host is proposed.Image: A puppy in Ladakh infested with biting fly, Hippobosca longipennis.