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Coronaviruses: emerging and re-emerging pathogens in humans and animals

Edited by Susanna K. P. Lau

Some of the coronavirus infections raise very serious problems in the past 2 decades, such as the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003, and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) which has caused millions of deaths in piglets worldwide. More recently, we are threatened by the outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) which has spread to various countries including South Korea.

This thematic series published in Virology Journal emphasizes advances and key discoveries in the animal origin, viral evolution, epidemiology, diagnostics and pathogenesis of different emerging and re-emerging coronaviruses.

Listen to our podcast on coronaviruses by Editor-in-Chief, Linfa Wang!

  1. Research

    Occurrence and sequence analysis of porcine deltacoronaviruses in southern China

    Following the initial isolation of porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) from pigs with diarrheal disease in the United States in 2014, the virus has been detected on swine farms in some provinces of China. To date...

    Shao-Lun Zhai, Wen-Kang Wei, Xiao-Peng Li, Xiao-Hui Wen, Xia Zhou, He Zhang, Dian-Hong Lv, Feng Li and Dan Wang

    Virology Journal 2016 13:136

    Published on: 5 August 2016

  2. Short report

    Alphacoronavirus in urban Molossidae and Phyllostomidae bats, Brazil

    Bats have been implicated as the main reservoir of coronavirus (CoV). Thus the role of these hosts on the evolution and spread of CoVs currently deserve the attention of emerging diseases surveillance programs...

    Karen Miyuki Asano, Aline Santana Hora, Karin Côrrea Scheffer, Willian Oliveira Fahl, Keila Iamamoto, Enio Mori and Paulo Eduardo Brandão

    Virology Journal 2016 13:110

    Published on: 24 June 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Virology Journal 2016 13:124

  3. Research

    Bovine coronavirus in naturally and experimentally exposed calves; viral shedding and the potential for transmission

    Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a widely distributed pathogen, causing disease and economic losses in the cattle industry worldwide. Prevention of virus spread is impeded by a lack of basic knowledge concerning v...

    Veslemøy Sunniva Oma, Madeleine Tråvén, Stefan Alenius, Mette Myrmel and Maria Stokstad

    Virology Journal 2016 13:100

    Published on: 13 June 2016

  4. Research

    S1 domain of the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus spike protein as a vaccine antigen

    Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly contagious virus infecting pigs of all ages with high morbidity and mortality among newborn piglets. Currently, there is no effective vaccine available to pro...

    Niraj Makadiya, Robert Brownlie, Jan van den Hurk, Nathalie Berube, Brenda Allan, Volker Gerdts and Alexander Zakhartchouk

    Virology Journal 2016 13:57

    Published on: 1 April 2016

  5. Research

    Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary histories of human coronavirus OC43 and HKU1 among patients with upper respiratory tract infections in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    Despite the worldwide circulation of human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) and HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1), data on their molecular epidemiology and evolutionary dynamics in the tropical Southeast Asia region is lacking.

    Maryam Nabiel Al-Khannaq, Kim Tien Ng, Xiang Yong Oong, Yong Kek Pang, Yutaka Takebe, Jack Bee Chook, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Kok Keng Tee

    Virology Journal 2016 13:33

    Published on: 25 February 2016

  6. Review

    MERS coronavirus: diagnostics, epidemiology and transmission

    The first known cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), associated with infection by a novel coronavirus (CoV), occurred in 2012 in Jordan but were reported retrospectively. The case first to be publ...

    Ian M. Mackay and Katherine E. Arden

    Virology Journal 2015 12:222

    Published on: 22 December 2015

  7. Review

    Bat origin of human coronaviruses

    Bats have been recognized as the natural reservoirs of a large variety of viruses. Special attention has been paid to bat coronaviruses as the two emerging coronaviruses which have caused unexpected human dise...

    Ben Hu, Xingyi Ge, Lin-Fa Wang and Zhengli Shi

    Virology Journal 2015 12:221

    Published on: 22 December 2015

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