Three new species of spiny-throated reed frog are described from specimens collected in the Eastern African Afromontane biodiversity hotspot; the limited ranges of the new species raises concerns about their conservation.
Evidence from the literature suggests that some risks associated with cigar smoking can be as high or higher than those associated with cigarette smoking, especially at the highest doses and levels of inhalation for cigar smoking.
Thrombocytopenia is associated with disease severity in patients with falciparum malaria, but is no better than established indices to predict patient prognosis, suggesting that thrombocytopenia has limited value in malaria triage and management.
Bumblebees, honeybees and a solitary bee have similar numbers of immune genes so immune gene complement is not linked to sociality
In a mathematical model, the current Ebola outbreak can be controlled using basic preventive measures in countries with strong traditional beliefs and customs, emphasizing the importance of public health measures to control disease spread.
In a 3-phase study, development of the ARCHIE framework highlights how telehealth and telecare services can be improved by focusing on user needs, but success of new systems depends on service providers adopting a more personalized and flexible approach to implementation.
Higher levels of free thyroxine are associated with increased risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and retinal pigment alterations, highlighting a potential role of thyroid hormone signaling in the development of AMD.
Till Itterman and Clemens Jürgens comment on research suggesting a link between thyroid function and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), concluding that further work is needed to better understand the role of thyroid hormones in AMD pathogenesis.
Ready-to-use therapeutic foods, used to treat children with acute malnutrition, do not meet polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) requirements unless supplemented with both n-3 PUFA and fish oil capsules, suggesting that formulations should be revised.
Carl May discusses the aims of the ARCHIE framework, and highlights that any patient engagement requires deeper understanding of factors that can affect the systems, including patient and healthcare worker needs and expectations.
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