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Open Access Research article

Epidemiology of sports-related injuries in children and youth presenting to Canadian emergency departments from 2007–2010

Liraz Fridman1*, Jessica L Fraser-Thomas1, Steven R McFaull2 and Alison K Macpherson1

  • * Corresponding author: Liraz Fridman liraz@yorku.ca

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

1 School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3 Canada

2 Injury and Child Maltreatment Section, Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Building # 19, Tunney’s Pasture, AL 1910C Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0 K9 Canada

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BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2013, 5:30  doi:10.1186/2052-1847-5-30

Published: 23 December 2013

Abstract

Background

Although injuries related to sports and recreation represent a significant burden to children and youth, few studies have examined the descriptive epidemiology of sports-related injury since 2005, and some sports such as ringette have not been evaluated to date. The primary purpose of this study was to provide the descriptive epidemiology of sports-related injuries treated in emergency departments for children and youth aged 5 – 19.

Methods

A retrospective data analysis was performed using data from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program [CHIRPP] from fiscal years (April – March) 2007/08 to 2009/10. CHIRPP is a computerized information system designed by the Public Health Agency of Canada that collects information about injuries to people evaluated in emergency departments across 11 pediatric hospitals and 5 general hospitals in Canada. Thirteen sports or activities were analyzed (baseball, basketball, cycling, football, ice hockey, lacrosse, ringette, rugby, skiing, sledding, snowboarding, soccer, and volleyball). Descriptive statistics, including frequency by sport, age and sex, as well as the percent of concussions within each sport were calculated.

Results

Out of a total of 56, 691 reported sports and recreational injuries, soccer accounted for the largest proportion of injuries with 11,941 reported cases over the 3 year time period. Of these, approximately 30% were fractures. The 10 – 14 year age group reported the greatest proportion of injuries in 10 out of the 13 sports analyzed. In addition, males reported a greater number of overall injuries than females in 11 out of the 13 sports analyzed. The largest percentage of concussions was reported in ringette; these injuries accounted for 17.1% of overall injuries within this sport.

Conclusions

Injury prevention programs in Canada should focus on improving evidence-based programs to reduce the burden of injuries in all sports.

Keywords:
Epidemiology; Sports-related injuries; Pediatric injuries