Table 1

Positive states of mind, depression, anxiety, and perceived health by age, gender, education and income
Positive states of mind (range: 0 to 4) Depression (range: 0 to 21) Anxiety (range: 0 to 21) Perceived health (range: 0 to 100)
n % Mean (SD) Sig. Mean (SD) Sig. Mean (SD) Sig. Mean (SD) Sig.
Gender
 Male 140 41.2 2.43 (0.77) n.s. 3.80 (3.02) n.s. 6.13 (4.01) P < 0.01 69.84 (20.25) n.s.
 Female 200 58.8 2.52 (0.81) 3.98 (3.50) 7.35 (4.10) 68.04 (22.26)
Age
 18-29 68 20.1 2.54 (0.76) n.s. 3.66 (3.35) n.s. 7.21 (3.71) P < 0.05 a 68.28 (17.72) n.s.
 30-39 77 22.8 2.40 (0.81) 4.05 (3.43) 7.62 (4.55) 67.64 (21.37)
 40-49 87 25.7 2.40 (0.83) 4.06 (2.13) 7.18 (4.15) 66.48 (23.98)
 50- 106 31.4 2.58 (0.78) 3.77 (3.09) 5.79 (3.83) 71.62 (21.39)
Education
 High school 105 32.0 2.30 (0.78) P < 0.01 b 4.83 (3.64) P < 0.001 c 7.22 (4.51) n.s. 63.46 (24.64) P < 0.001 d
 Some college 122 37.2 2.50 (0.83) 3.70 (3.30) 6.53 (4.15) 70.42 (21.51)
 Bachelors degree or more 101 30.8 2.69 (0.72) 2.85 (2.21) 6.52 (3.32) 74.09 (14.86)
Income
 0 - 29 999 SEK 123 36.9 2.46 (0.75) n.s. 4.32 (5.50) P < 0.05 e 7.48 (4.13) n.s. 65.92 (22.78) n.s.
 30 000–44 999 SEK 104 31.2 2.47 (0.84) 3.81 (3.16) 6.20 (4.02) 70.31 (20.93)
 45 000 SEK or more 106 31.8 2.54 (0.80) 3.22 (2.95) 6.61 (3.93) 71.38 (19.62)

a Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were only significant between those aged 50 or more as compared to participants aged 30–39.

b Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were significant between those with a Bachelors degree and those with lower education.

c Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were only significant between those with High school and Bachelors degree or more.

d Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were significant between those with High school and those with higher education.

e Post-hoc analysis showed a significant difference between those with an income of 45 000 SEK or more and those with an income of 0–29 999 SEK.

Bränström

Bränström BMC Psychology 2013 1:13   doi:10.1186/2050-7283-1-13

Open Data