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This article is part of the supplement: 18th Scientific Symposium of the Austrian Pharmacological Society (APHAR)

Open Access Meeting abstract

Pharmacological applications of natural peptide libraries

Johannes Koehbach1, Markus Muttenthaler2, Carsten Gründemann3 and Christian W Gruber1*

Author Affiliations

1 Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria

2 Departments of Chemistry and Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA

3 Complementary Medicine, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University Medical Center Freiburg, 79111 Freiburg, Germany

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BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology 2012, 13(Suppl 1):A31  doi:10.1186/2050-6511-13-S1-A31

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/2050-6511/13/S1/A31


Published:17 September 2012

© 2012 Koehbach et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background

The diversity in nature has long been and still is one of the biggest resources of pharmaceutical lead compounds and many natural products often exhibit biological activity against unrelated biological targets, thus providing us with starting points for drug development. Natural peptides of great number and diversity occur in all organisms from plants to microbes to man. Examples for such rich and yet largely untapped libraries of bioactive compounds are animal venom peptides, insect peptide hormones or plant defense peptides [1]. Our goals are (i) to discover and characterize novel bioactive peptides, (ii) to screen their pharmacological activity in vitro, (iii) to synthesize optimized peptide compounds and (iv) to determine their potential as pre-clinical drug candidates.

Methods

As proof-of-concept we have used a genome-mining approach or mass spectrometry and peptidomics to determine the occurrence and molecular structure of naturally-occurring peptides and have investigated their pharmacological profile on human oxytocin and vasopressin receptors, representative members of the GPCR family, as well as their anti-proliferative activity on cells of the human immune system. Circular plant peptides have been identified as potent immunosuppressive agents and promise great potential as templates for pharmaceutical applications due to their enormous stability and sequence diversity [2]. On the other hand we are exploring the pharmacological potential of endogenous insect vasotocin-like peptide hormones and marine cone-snail venom peptides as receptor-subtype selective ligands for the treatment of a wide range of challenging, but yet untreatable diseases.

Discussion

Unlike small molecules, peptides are just at the beginning as potential drug sources and still face a range of significant drug development challenges including efficient drug delivery, oral bioavailability and central penetration. Nevertheless, the ease of synthesis, the vast natural abundance of bioactive peptides and their immense pharmacological potential are so convincing that it is just a question of time until peptides can be utilized as orall bioavailable or even CNS-penetrating drugs together with an efficient delivery platform preserving their selectivity and interaction with extracellular targets, yet simultaneously retaining stability to enzymatic degradation.

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Austrian Science Fund FWF (grants P22889 and P24743).

References

  1. Gruber CW, Muttenthaler M, Freissmuth M: Ligand-based peptide design and combinatorial peptide libraries to target G protein-coupled receptors. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3399773/?tool=pubmed] webcite

    Curr Pharm Des 2010, 16:3071-3088. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text OpenURL

  2. Gründemann C, Koehbach J, Huber R, Gruber CW: Do plant cyclotides have potential as immunosuppressant peptides?

    J Nat Prod 2012, 24:167-174. PubMed Abstract | PubMed Central Full Text OpenURL