Table 2

Reasons for retraction ranked according to countries with at least 10 retractions in 2008
Total Mistakes Plagiarism Fraud Overlap Not detailed Authorship Inconsistent data Property or legal concerns Editor Ethics
Total 235 65 48 34 25 21 12 11 8 8 3
USA 52 31 (48) 2 (4) 3 (9) 5 (20) 4 (19) 1 (8) 3 (27) 2 (25) 1 (13) .
India 35 2 (3) 6 (13) 15 (44) 8 (32) 1 (5) 1 (8) 1 (9) . 1 (13) .
China 29 7 (11) 10 (21) . 2 (8) 3 (14) 3 (25) 1 (9) 2 (25) 1 (13) .
Japan 25 3 (5) 2 (4) 12 (35) 2 (8) 2 (10) . 2 (18) . . 2 (67)
United Kingdom 11 3 (5) 4 (8) 1 (3) . 2 (10) . 1 (9) . . .
Korea 11 5 (8) . 1 (3) . 1 (5) . . 2 (25) 2 (25) .

Values are n (column percentage). Column percentage = number of given reason in a country/ total for this reason; allowing to see which countries contribute the most to each reason.

The column percentages do not add to 100% because some countries were not reported in the table.

Decullier et al.

Decullier et al. BMC Research Notes 2013 6:238   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-6-238

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