Table 1

Comparison of demographic data and frequencies of upper limb involvement in diabetics and nondiabetics
Study group p-value
Non diabetics Diabetics
n(%) n(%)
N 203 210
Age (years), mean (SD) 49.5 (±10.6) 50.7 (±10.2) 0.248
Gender
 Male 71(35.0) 72(34.3) 0.883
 Female 132(65.0) 138(65.7)
Duration of Diabetes (years) mean (±SD) *NA 6.3(±5.7) -
Any Hand Abnormality 10 (4.9) 43(20.5) < 0.001
Any Shoulder Abnormality 9 (4.4) 41(19.5) < 0.001
Any Upper limb Abnormality 16 (7.9) 69(32.9) < 0.001
Trigger Finger 1 (0.5) 8(3.8) 0.037
Dupuytrens Contracture 0 2(1.0)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 4 (2.0) 19(9.0) 0.002
Limited Joint Mobility 5 (2.5) 20(9.5) 0.003
Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder 5 (2.5) 23(11.0) 0.001
Tendonitis 4 (2.0) 20(9.5) 0.001
GALS screen 67(33.0) 114(54.3) < 0.001

*NA = not applicable.

Kidwai et al.

Kidwai et al. BMC Research Notes 2013 6:16   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-6-16

Open Data