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Open Access Short Report

Prospective evaluation of direct approach with a tablet device as a strategy to enhance survey study participant response rate

Melissa J Parker12*, Asmaa Manan1 and Sara Urbanski1

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster Children’s Hospital and McMaster University, 1200 Main St W. Room 3A, Hamilton, Toronto, Ontario, L8N 3Z5, Canada

2 Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children and The University of Toronto, 1200 Main St W. Room 3A, Hamilton, Toronto, Ontario, L8N 3Z5, Canada

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:605  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-605

Published: 31 October 2012

Abstract

Background

Investigators conduct survey studies for a variety of reasons. Poor participant response rates are common, however, and may limit the generalizability and utility of results. The objective of this study was to determine whether direct approach with a tablet device enhances survey study participant response rate and to assess participants’ experiences with this mode of survey administration.

Findings

An interventional study nested within a single center survey study was conducted at McMaster Children’s Hospital. The primary outcome was the ability to achieve of a survey study response rate of 70% or greater. Eligible participants received 3 email invitations (Week 0, 2, 4) to complete a web-based (Survey Monkey) survey. The study protocol included plans for a two-week follow-up phase (Phase 2) where non-responders were approached by a research assistant and invited to complete an iPad-based version of the survey. The Phase 1 response rate was 48.7% (56/115). Phase 2 effectively recruited reluctant responders, increasing the overall response rate to 72.2% (83/115). On a 7-point Likert scale, reluctant responders highly rated their enjoyment (mean 6.0, sd 0.83 [95% CI: 5.7-6.3]) and ease of use (mean 6.7, sd 0.47 [95% CI: 6.5-6.9]) completing the survey using the iPad. Reasons endorsed for Phase 2 participation included: direct approach (81%), immediate survey access (62%), and the novelty of completing a tablet-based survey (54%). Most reluctant responders (89%) indicated that a tablet-based survey is their preferred method of survey completion.

Conclusions

Use of a tablet-based version of the survey was effective in recruiting reluctant responders and this group reported positive experiences with this mode of survey administration.

Keywords:
Research design; Data collection; Computers; Handheld; Bias (epidemiology)