Improvement of the low knowledge, attitude and practice of hepatitis B virus infection among Saudi national guard personnel after educational intervention
1 Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Deputy Minister of Health for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Family and Community Medicine, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 Statistical Department, Primary Healthcare, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6 Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:597 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-597Published: 30 October 2012
Although the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) was reported to be higher in military personnel than the general population in Saudi Arabia (SA), there is lack of studies assessing HBV awareness among them. The objective was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of HBV infection among military personnel.
An intervention design with pre- and post-education KAP questionnaire was completed among National Guard soldiers working in Jeddah during January 2009. Educational intervention was provided through educational leaflets, group and individual discussions, visual show, and a lecture. A score was created from the correct answers to 58 questions.
A total of 400 male soldiers with mean age 30.7 ± 6.1 years completed both questionnaires. The majority had school education (96.8%) and in the lower military ranks (66.0%). Only 19.5% of soldiers reported HBV vaccine intake. The low median and inter-quartile range of the pre-intervention score (16, 6–26) markedly increased after education (to 53, 50–55, p<0.001). The overall improvement of mean KAP score (204%) was also observed in all its component scores; disease nature (272%), methods of transmission (206%), prevention and control (109%), attitude (155%), and practice (192%). The improvement was evident irrespective of socio-demographic characteristics and history of HBV vaccine. KAP scores were significantly associated with higher educational levels, higher monthly income, administrative jobs, and higher job ranks.
We are reporting a low level of HBV awareness among Saudi military population. The study confirms the need and effectiveness of focused multifaceted educational campaigns among the military population.