Human infections due to Salmonella Blockley, a rare serotype in South Africa: a case report
1 Centre for Enteric Diseases (CED), National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, South Africa
2 Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
3 Department of Microbiology, Greys Pathology Laboratory, NHLS, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
4 Division of Surveillance, Outbreak Response and Travel Health, NICD, NHLS, Johannesburg, South Africa
5 KwaZulu Natal Department of Health, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
6 Centre for Enteric Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Private Bag X4, 2131, Gauteng, Sandringham, South Africa
BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:562 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-562Published: 10 October 2012
Infections due to nontyphoidal Salmonella have increased worldwide over the last couple of decades. Salmonella enterica serotype Blockley (Salmonella Blockley) infections is associated with chickens and is a rarely isolated serotype in human infections in most countries.
We report a case of human infections due to Salmonella Blockley in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa in 2011. Three African males (aged 4, 14 and 16) presented to a clinic with diarrhoea, stomach cramps and headache. They started experiencing signs of illness a day after they consumed a common meal, consisting of meat, rice and potatoes. Stool specimens from the patients cultured Salmonella Blockley. The strains showed an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern.
This is the first recorded case of human infections due to Salmonella Blockley in South Africa.