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Open Access Short Report

Acceptance and Adverse Effects of H1N1 Vaccinations Among a Cohort of National Guard Health Care Workers during the 2009 Hajj Season

Gasmelseed Y Ahmed1, Hanan H Balkhy1234*, Saleh Bafaqeer5, Badr Al-Jasir6 and Abdulhakeem Althaqafi47

Author Affiliations

1 King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, 11426, Saudi Arabia

2 Department of Pediatrics, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, 11426, Saudi Arabia

3 Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, 11426, Saudi Arabia

4 Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States and WHO Collaborating Center for Infection Prevention and Control, Riyadh, 11426, Saudi Arabia

5 Department of Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, 21423, Saudi Arabia

6 Department of Family Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, 21423, Saudi Arabia

7 Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, 21423, Saudi Arabia

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BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:61  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-61

Published: 13 March 2011

Abstract

Background

The H1N1 influenza pandemic had garnered a large amount of attention. Currently, the most effective preventive measure available is the H1N1 vaccine. We aimed to assess the willingness of our study participants to receive the H1N1 vaccination prior to the annual Hajj season. If any participant declined, we investigated the reasons for vaccine rejection.

Findings

We conducted a prospective cohort study of National Guard employees during the 1430 (2009) Hajj season. A survey was used as the primary method for data collection. Participants were vaccinated one to two weeks prior to their trip to Mona, and any side effects reported at the time of injection and three weeks post vaccination were recorded.

There were 100 male and 26 female participants in the study. In total, 66.7% (n = 84) of the participants were health care workers (HCWs) and 33.3% (n = 42) were non-health care workers (non-HCWs). Less than half of the respondents (46.8%, n = 59) accepted the vaccination. The vaccination acceptance rate was higher among non-HCWs, at a rate of 71.4% (n = 30); HCWs only accepted at a rate of 34.5% (n = 29) (OR 1.103, 95% CI [0.488-2.496]). The most common reason for vaccine refusal was the impression that the disease was not fatal (25.4%, n = 32). Finally, all participants reported pain at the injection site and 18.3% (n = 11) reported swelling. All other side effects were reported in less than 15% of the participants.

Conclusions

Despite fears of the new H1N1 vaccine, there was a reasonable rate of vaccine acceptance among our study participants. Early health education may increase the rate of acceptance of the H1N1 vaccine. Furthermore, additional research is needed on long-term adverse effects of the H1N1 vaccine.