Cerebral perfusion pressure, microdialysis biochemistry and clinical outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury
1 General Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece
3 Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece
4 General Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece
5 Professor Εmeritus, Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece
6 Institute of Biomedical Research and Technology (BIOMED)/CERETETH, 51 Papanastasiou Str, 41222 Larissa, Greece
BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:540 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-540Published: 14 December 2011
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. It has been postulated that brain metabolic status, intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) are related to patients' outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between CPP, ICP and microdialysis parameters and clinical outcome in TBIs.
Thirty four individuals with severe brain injury hospitalized in an intensive care unit participated in this study. Microdialysis data were collected, along with ICP and CPP values. Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) was used to evaluate patient outcome at 6 months after injury. Fifteen patients with a CPP greater than 75 mmHg, L/P ratio lower than 37 and Glycerol concentration lower than 72 mmol/l had an excellent outcome (GOS 4 or 5), as opposed to the remaining 19 patients. No patient with a favorable outcome had a CPP lower than 75 mmHg or Glycerol concentration and L/P ratio greater than 72 mmol/l and 37 respectively. Data regarding L/P ratio and Glycerol concentration were statistically significant at p = 0.05 when patients with favorable and unfavorable outcome were compared. In a logistic regression model adjusted for age, sex and Glasgow Coma Scale on admission, a CPP greater than 75 mmHg was marginally statistically significantly related to outcome at 6 months after injury.
Patients with favorable outcome had certain common features in terms of microdialysis parameters and CPP values. An individualized approach regarding CPP levels and cut -off points for Glycerol concentration and L/P ratio are proposed.