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Open Access Short Report

Management of ureteric endometriosis associated with hydronephrosis: An Australian case series of 13 patients

Ian AR Smith123* and Michael Cooper4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Urology, Liverpool and Campbelltown Hospitals, NSW, Australia

2 Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia

3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, NSW, Australia

4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia

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BMC Research Notes 2010, 3:45  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-45

Published: 25 February 2010

Abstract

Background

Hydronephrosis is a rare but serious manifestation of ureteric endometriosis.

Findings

One hundred and twenty-six women underwent ureterolysis for ureteric endometriosis betweeen and October 1996 and June 2009. Thirteen of the 126 women were identified as having ureteric obstruction at the time of their procedure and were included in the case series. The median age was 39.5 (30 - 63). Chronic pelvic pain was the most common presenting symptom (53.8%). The point of ureteric obstruction was noted to occur most commonly at a small segment of distal left ureter, where it is crossed by the uterine artery (54%). Seven of the 13 women (53.8%) were successfully managed with ureterolysis only. Three of the 13 women (21.3%) underwent ureterolysis and placement of a double J ureteric stent. Three of the 13 (21.3%) required a segmental ureteric resection. There was one incidence of inadvertent thermal ureteric injury which was managed with a ureteric stent. In all cases the hydronephrosis had resolved at six months follow up.

Conclusions

Our findings support the growing body of literature supporting ureterolysis as the optimal treatment for ureteric endometriosis causing moderate to severe ureteric obstruction.