Table 2

Example outcome measures for anticipated MED-based interventions shown in Figure 1
MED-based intervention Example outcome measures
Objective outcomes Self-reported outcomes
Clinical decision support systems - diagnosis

• Adherence to clinical protocol

• Diagnosis of disease or disease risk (primary prevention)

• Treatment e.g. medication prescribed

• Use of clinical protocol

• Ease of clinical protocol use/comprehensibility

Clinical decision support systems - disease management

• Successful disease management e.g. diabetes control measured by HbA1C, peak flow

• Medication prescribed

• Investigations arranged

• Health outcomes e.g, cardiac events, mortality, diarrhoea, breast feeding

• Use of clinical protocol

• Ease of clinical protocol use/comprehensibility

Medical education •Changes in clinical knowledge/skills • Ease of use
Disease monitoring

• Data collected

• Disease control e.g. HbA1c, peak flow

• Timeliness of data collection

• Ease of data collection

Data collection tools

Medical records

• Data completeness

• Timeliness of data collection

• Ease of data collection

• Ease of diagnosis

Test result notification

• Time to result notification

• Time to treatment initiation

• Patient satisfaction with clinic service

• Clinician preference for mode of notification

Appointment reminders

• Percent of appointments missed

• Percentage of appointments cancelled in advance

• Patient intention to attend appointment
Treatment programmes • Treatment outcomes e.g. change in depression score

• Patient satisfaction with treatment

• Perceived level of support

• Perceived changes in health status/disease condition

Chronic disease management

Medication adherence

• Disease management e.g. diabetes control measured by HbA1C or asthma management expiration peak flow rate

• Percent of medication doses taken on time

• Self-efficacy to manage condition/medication
Health behaviour change • Health outcome e.g. body mass index (weight loss) or blood cotinine levels (smoking cessation)

• Self-efficacy to increase exercise/control dietary intake

• Self reported behaviour

Acute disease management (first aid/emergency care) • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation chest compression rate/depth/accuracy/hand position • Perceived clarity of instructions
Untargeted mass health promotion campaigns

• Coverage

• Uptake of services or treatment

• Knowledge

Free et al.

Free et al. BMC Research Notes 2010 3:250   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-250

Open Data