Comparative genomic sequence analysis of strawberry and other rosids reveals significant microsynteny
1 Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
2 Computer Science Department, Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, MI 48710, USA
3 Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
4 Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
BMC Research Notes 2010, 3:168 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-168Published: 16 June 2010
Fragaria belongs to the Rosaceae, an economically important family that includes a number of important fruit producing genera such as Malus and Prunus. Using genomic sequences from 50 Fragaria fosmids, we have examined the microsynteny between Fragaria and other plant models.
In more than half of the strawberry fosmids, we found syntenic regions that are conserved in Populus, Vitis, Medicago and/or Arabidopsis with Populus containing the greatest number of syntenic regions with Fragaria. The longest syntenic region was between LG VIII of the poplar genome and the strawberry fosmid 72E18, where seven out of twelve predicted genes were collinear. We also observed an unexpectedly high level of conserved synteny between Fragaria (rosid I) and Vitis (basal rosid). One of the strawberry fosmids, 34E24, contained a cluster of R gene analogs (RGAs) with NBS and LRR domains. We detected clusters of RGAs with high sequence similarity to those in 34E24 in all the genomes compared. In the phylogenetic tree we have generated, all the NBS-LRR genes grouped together with Arabidopsis CNL-A type NBS-LRR genes. The Fragaria RGA grouped together with those of Vitis and Populus in the phylogenetic tree.
Our analysis shows considerable microsynteny between Fragaria and other plant genomes such as Populus, Medicago, Vitis, and Arabidopsis to a lesser degree. We also detected a cluster of NBS-LRR type genes that are conserved in all the genomes compared.