Open Access Short Report

Canadian family physicians' and paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding A(H1N1) pandemic vaccine

Eve Dubé12*, Vladimir Gilca12, Chantal Sauvageau12, Nicole Boulianne12, François D Boucher1, Julie A Bettinger3, Shelly McNeil4, Ian Gemmill5, France Lavoie1 and Manale Ouakki2

Author Affiliations

1 Centre de recherche du CHUL-CHUQ, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Laval, Québec, Canada

2 Institut National de Santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

3 University of British Columbia, Vaccine Evaluation Center, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

4 Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

5 Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox & Addington Public health Unit, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

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BMC Research Notes 2010, 3:102  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-102

Published: 14 April 2010



One of the main determinants of public immunization success is health professionals' support and recommendations. Little is known about the physicians' level of support and intentions regarding A(H1N1) pandemic influenza vaccination. The aim of this survey was to document Canadian family physicians' and paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) as well as their intentions regarding A(H1N1) pandemic influenza vaccines right before the beginning of the largest immunization campaign in Canadian history.


A self-administered, anonymous, mail-based questionnaire was sent to a random sample of family physicians and to all paediatricians practicing in Canada. All 921 questionnaires received by October 29 2009 were included in the analysis. Between 72% and 92% of respondents agreed with the statements regarding vaccine safety, effectiveness and acceptability. More than 75% of respondents intended to recommend the A(H1N1) pandemic influenza vaccine to their patients and to get vaccinated themselves. The most significant factors associated with the intention to recommend A(H1N1) pandemic vaccines were physicians' intention to be vaccinated against influenza themselves and the perceived acceptability of the vaccine by the vaccinators.


Most Canadian family physicians and paediatricians surveyed were supportive of the A(H1N1) pandemic influenza vaccination before its implementation and large media coverage.