MicroRNA/mRNA profiling and regulatory network of intracranial aneurysm
- Equal contributors
1 State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Second Xiang-ya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China
BMC Medical Genomics 2013, 6:36 doi:10.1186/1755-8794-6-36Published: 30 September 2013
Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is one of the most lethal forms of cerebrovascular diseases characterized by endothelial dysfunction, vascular smooth muscle cell phenotypic modulation, inflammation and consequently loss of vessel cells and extracellular matrix degradation. Besides environmental factors, genetics seem to be a very important factor in the genesis of this disease. Previous mRNA expression studies revealed a large number of differentially expressed genes between IA and control tissue. However, microRNAs (miRNA), small non-coding RNAs which are post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, have been barely studied. Studying miRNAs could provide a hypothetical mechanism underlying rupture of IA.
A microarray study was carried out to determine difference in microRNAs and mRNA between patients’ IA tissues and controls. Quantitative RT-PCR assay compared the expression level between two groups (14 IA domes vs. 14 controls) were used for validation. Validated miRNAs were analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to identify the networks and pathways.
18 miRNAs were confirmed by qPCR to be robustly down-regulated in 14 ruptured IA patients including hsa-mir-133b, hsa-mir-133a, hsa-mir-1, hsa-mir-143-3p, hsa-mir-145-3p, hsa-mir-145-5p, hsa-mir-455-5p, hsa-mir-143-5p, hsa-mir-23b-3p etc., of which 11 miRNAs are clusters: hsa-mir-1/has-mir-133a, hsa-mir-143/hsa-mir-145, hsa-mir-23b/hsa-mir-24-1, and hsa-mir-29b-2/hsa-mir-29c. 12 predicted functions were generated using IPA which showed significant associations with migration of phagocytes, proliferation of mononuclear leukocytes, cell movement of mononuclear leukocytes, cell movement of smooth muscle cells etc.
These data support common disease mechanisms that may be under miRNA control and provide exciting directions for further investigations aimed at elucidating the miRNA mechanisms and targets that may yield new therapies for IA.