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This article is part of the supplement: 22nd European Society for Animal Cell Technology (ESACT) Meeting on Cell Based Technologies

Open Access Meeting abstract

“BioProzessTrainer” as training tool for design of experiments

Ralf Pörtner1*, Oscar Platas-Barradas1, Janosh Gradkowski1, Richa Gautam1, Florian Kuhnen2 and Volker C Hass2

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, Hamburg University of Technology Hamburg, D-21073, Germany

2 Institute of Environmental and Bio-Technology, Hochschule Bremen, D-28119, Germany

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BMC Proceedings 2011, 5(Suppl 8):P62  doi:10.1186/1753-6561-5-S8-P62


The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1753-6561/5/S8/P62


Published:22 November 2011

© 2011 Pörtner et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Concept

Design and optimization of cell culture processes requires intensive studies based on “Design of experiments”-strategies. In academia teaching of DoE-concepts is often insufficient, as in most cases only simple culture strategies (batch) can be performed, as time and money are limited. More complex tasks such as feeding strategies for fed batch culture can be discussed theoretically only.

To close this gap the virtual “BioProzessTrainer”, a model based simulation tool, was developed. It supports biotechnological education with respect to process strategies, bioreactor control, kinetic analysis of experimental data and modeling. Along with a set of examples for different control and process strategies (batch, fed batch, chemostat etc.) learners are prepared for real experiments [1,2].

The “BioProzessTrainer” (Figure 1) helps to improve the quality of education by using interactive learning forms and by transmitting additional knowledge and skills. Costs for practical experiments can be minimized by reducing plant operation costs. Here a concept for teaching DoE-concepts for batch- (optimization of e.g. substrate concentrations and inoculation cell density) and fed-batch-processes (evaluation and optimization of feeding strategy) using the “BioProzessTrainer” is shown.

thumbnailFigure 1. (A) Teaching material: theoretical back-ground, exercises, sample solution [1] (B) Screen of „BioProzessTrainer“ (C) Example: fed-batch process with fixed feed rate perfomed with the BioProzessTrainer

Example 1

DoE for impact of glucose and glutamine concentration during batch (1,5 L) on cell density and antibody concentration of a mammalian cell line

Experimental design:

➣ Seed concentration: 4E8 cells/L [±10%]

➣ Glucose conc.: low 15 mmol/L; high 30 mmol/L

➣ Glutamine conc.: low 1 mmol/L; high 4 mmol/L

➣ Culture time: 24h

To induce an experimental error, the seed concentration was varied by +- 10 %. Results see Table 1

Table 1. DoE performed with the BioProzessTrainer

Analysis via statistical tools:

➣ One-dimensional ANOVA with respect to glucose at high glutamine concentrations: glucose conc. not significant for cell conc. (p=0.1), significant for antibody conc. (p=0.044); level of significance 0.05

➣ Two-dimensional ANOVA with repetition: interaction between glucose and glutamine conc. not significant for cell conc. (p=0.14); significant for antibody conc. (p=0.046); level of significance 0.05

Example 2

DoE for impact of feed rate for glucose and glutamine feed during fed batch (constant feed rate) on cell density and antibody concentration of a mammalian cell line

Experimental design:

➣ Seed concentration: 8E8 cells/L

➣ Glucose conc. in glucose feed: 180 mmol/L

➣ Glutamine conc. in glutamine feed: 30 mmol/L

➣ Start feed: 24h; start volume 1.5 L; final volume 3 L

➣ Feed rate glucose / glutamine feed: low 0.02 mL/min; high 0.08 mL/min

Results see Table 2

Table 2. Impact of feed rate for glucose and glutamine feed during fed-batch (constant feed rate) on cell density and antibody concentration

Analysis via statistical tools:

➣ Two-dimensional ANOVA without repetition: glucose feed rate not significant for cell conc. (p=0.295) and antibody conc. (p=0.699); glutamine feed rate significant for cell conc. (p=0.035) and not for antibody conc. (p=0.653); level of significance 0.05

References

  1. Hass V, Pörtner R: Praxis der Bioprozesstechnik. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag; 2009.

  2. Pörtner R, Hass VC: Interactive virtual learning environment for biotechnology (eLearnBioTec).

    Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik 2005, 77(8):1256. Publisher Full Text OpenURL