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This article is part of the supplement: International Conference on Prevention & Infection Control (ICPIC 2011)

Open Access Poster presentation

First report of Iranian National nosocomial infectionsurveillance system software

M Askarian1*, H Mahmoudi1 and O Assadian2

  • * Corresponding author: M Askarian

Author Affiliations

1 Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Islamic Republic Of

2 University Hospital Vienna, Clinical Institute for Hygiene and Medical Microbiology Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria

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BMC Proceedings 2011, 5(Suppl 6):P231  doi:10.1186/1753-6561-5-S6-P231

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1753-6561/5/S6/P231


Published:29 June 2011

© 2011 Askarian et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Introduction / objectives

Nosocomial infections are one of the most important health problems particularly in developing countries, because these infections cause high mortality and morbidity and have many economic loss consequences. To date however most surveillance studies have been conducted in most of developed countries, only a very few have been accomplished in Iran. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of nosocomial infections in a big university hospital of Shiraz.

Methods

The study was conducted prospectively through six months from 21st March up to 22nd September 2006 in a 374 bed educational hospital. All patients admitted during this period were included in the study and examined everyday for detecting four types of nosocomial infections: surgical site infection, urinary tract infection, pneumonia and blood stream infections. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance system criteria were applied.

Results

4013 patients were admitted in hospital. Overall infection rate was 2.45% and UTI, SSI, BSI and pneumonia rates were 1.07%, 0.72%, 0.32% and 0.32% respectively.

Conclusion

To reduce nosocomial infections the first step is organizing a standard surveillance system, accurate and on time diagnosis of these infections and implying the infection preventing and control programs.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.