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This article is part of the supplement: Institut Pasteur International Network Annual Scientific Meeting

Open Access Oral presentation

Characterization of immunomodulatory activity of eIF4A protein

Mourad Barhoumi1*, Olga Koutsoni2, Ikram Guizani1 and Eleni Dotsika2

Author affiliations

1 Laboratoire d’Epidémiologie et d’Ecologie Parasitaire, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, 1002 Tunis-Belvedère, Tunisia

2 Laboratory of Cellular Immunology, Departement of Microbiology, Hellenic Pasteur Institute, Athens 11521, Greece

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Citation and License

BMC Proceedings 2011, 5(Suppl 1):O5  doi:10.1186/1753-6561-5-S1-O5

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1753-6561/5/S1/O5


Published:10 January 2011

© 2011 Barhoumi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Oral presentation

Leishmania LeIF antigen, homologous to eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4A, was originally described as a Th1-type natural adjuvant and as an antigen that induces an IL-12-mediated Th1 response in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of leishmaniasis patients. We showed previously that the induction of cytokines in monocytes of healthy subjects is not unique to the Leishmania protein. Indeed, 5 homologous proteins DEAD box in mammals and yeast were also able to induce the secretion of cytokines in monocytes of healthy subjects. In this study we aimed to validate eIF4A protein as a natural adjuvant. To achieve this objective, LeIF, eIF4A from mouse (MeIF4A) and Yeast (YeIF4A) were expressed and purified. The purified proteins were assessed for their ability to induce maturation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC). Their effect on DCs and their monocytic precursors in the peritoneal cavity of mice were analyzed. Our data showed that eIF4A proteins were able to activate BMDC to express co-stimulatory molecules and to produce IL-12p40/p70 and iNOS in vitro. Furthermore, eIF4A proteins induced inflammation in the peritoneal cavity of BALB/c mice similar to the well known adjuvant Alum. Indeed, injection of eIF4A proteins in combination with OVA protein induced a rapid recruitment into the peritoneal cavity of Ly6Chigh/CD11b+ inflammatory monocytes, Ly6Ghigh/CDb+ neutrophils and myeloid dendritic cells (MHC IIhigh-CD11c+). This study highlights the adjuvant activity of eIF4A protein and suggests that the immunomodulatory properties of eIF4A could be exploited in vaccination or immunotherapy protocols.

Supported by grants from MESRST-Tunisia (LR00SP04), UNICEF/UNDP/WorldBank/WHO special programme TDR (A30134) and a Fellowship from the International Network Institut Pasteur.