Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Proceedings and BioMed Central.

This article is part of the supplement: Genetic Analysis Workshop 15: Gene Expression Analysis and Approaches to Detecting Multiple Functional Loci

Open Access Open Badges Proceedings

Assessing genotype × environment interaction in linkage mapping using affected sib pairs

Yi-Shin Chen1, Yen-Feng Chiu2*, Hui-Yi Kao2 and Fang-Chi Hsu3

Author affiliations

1 Department of Nursing, Yuanpei University, No. 306, Yuanpei Street, Hsinchu 30015, Taiwan, Republic of China

2 Division of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan, Miaoli 350 Taiwan, Republic of China

3 Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA

For all author emails, please log on.

Citation and License

BMC Proceedings 2007, 1(Suppl 1):S71  doi:

Published: 18 December 2007


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex disease that involves both environmental and genetic factors. Elucidation of the basic etiologic factors involved in RA is essential for preventing and treating this disease. However, the etiology of RA, like that of other complex diseases, is largely unknown. In the present study, we conducted autosomal multipoint linkage scans using affected sib pairs by incorporating the smoking status into analysis. We divided the affected sib pairs into three subgroups based on smoking status (ever, current, or never). Interactions between the susceptibility genes and smoking could then be assessed through linkage mapping. Results suggested that the genetic effect of chromosome 6p21.2-3 in concordant current smoker pairs was about two-fold greater than that of the concordant non-current smoker pairs or discordant pairs. With incorporation of smoking status, additional regions with evidence of linkage were identified, including chromosomes 4q and 20q; while evidence of linkage remained in the regions of chromosomes 6p, 8p, and 9p. The interaction effects varied in different regions. Results from our analyses suggested that incorporating smoking status into linkage analyses could increase the statistical power of the multipoint linkage approach applied here and help elucidate the etiology of RA.