Table 1

Serum biochemical and hematological parameters from healthy reference cows and cows with fatty liver
Control ( n =46) Fatty liver ( n =46) % change Distribution P value ≤
Biochemical parameters
Paraoxonase (U/mL) 82.11 ± 22.42 38.47 ± 13.40 −53.14 0.029 0.001
Lactonase (U/mL) 5.82 ± 1.70 2.56 ± 1.11 −55.86 0.043 0.001
Arylesterase (U/mL) 47.92 ± 7.36 30.44 ± 7.88 −36.48 0.028 0.001
AST (U/L) 67.84 ± 14.53 136.78 ± 68.14 101.62 0.000 0.001
GGT (U/L) 44.18 ± 10.43 49.93 ± 30.25 13.02 0.068 0.903
ALP (U/L) 232.45 ± 73.10 225.69 ± 84.07 −2.907 0.048 0.871
LCAT (470/390) 3.80 ± 1.10 3.20 ± 0.84 −15.81 0.000 0.015
T. Bil (μmol/L) 5.30 ± 2.22 18.31 ± 7.69 245.28 0.000 0.001
NEFA (mmol/L) 0.22 ± 0.20 1.19 ± 0.60 440.90 0.000 0.001
BHBA (mmol/L) 0.725 ± 0.31 2.94 ± 1.77 305.51 0.000 0.001
T.CHOL (mmol/L) 4.71 ± 1.17 1.58 ± 0.61 −66.45 0.171 0.001
HDL (mmol/L) 1.94 ± 0.71 1.19 ± 0.001 −38.65 0.048 0.001
VLDL (mmol/L) 0.141 ± 0.05 0.08 ± 0.05 −43.26 0.808 0.001
LDL (mmol/L) 2.72 ± 1.71 0.44 ± 0.37 −83.82 0.001 0.001
TG (mmol/L) 0.30 ± 0.12 0.39 ± 0.14 30.00 0.808 0.002
FC (mmol/L) 0.94 ± 0.35 0.37 ± 0.15 −60.63 0.135 0.001
CE (mmol/L) 3.84 ± 1.49 1.20 ± 0.53 −68.75 0.177 0.001
E. ratio 80.12 ± 3.73 75.12 ± 9.95 −6.24 0.000 0.014
PL (mmol/L) 2.89 ± 1.05 0.85 ± 0.29 −70.58 0.036 0.001
TP (g/L) 70.92 ± 5.60 69.10 ± 6.8 −2.56 0.005 0.749
ALB (g/L) 35.5 6 ± 2.56 32.59 ± 3.31 −8.565 0.018 0.001
AG ratio 1.032 ± 0.19 0.91 ± 0.18 −11.614 0.570 0.004
GLU (mmol/L) 2.55 ± 0.61 2.74 ± 0.15 7.45 0.004 0.739
BUN (mmol/L) 12.69 ± 8.49 5.40 ± 6.70 −57.44 0.000 0.083
Ca (mmol/L) 2.56 ± 0.15 2.21 ± 0.27 −13.67 0.000 0.001
P (mmol/L) 1.92 ± 0.31 2.05 ± 0.90 6.77 0.462 0.657
Mg (mmol/L) 1.05 ± 0.12 0.90 ± 0.12 −14.28 0.000 0.001
Hematological parameters
WBCs (109/L) 8.045 ± 1.88 8.87 ± 5.48 10.267 0.000 0.188
RBCs (1012/L) 5.94 ± 0.67 5.35 ± 1.18 −9.951 0.937 0.002
Hgb (g/L) 98.52 ± 10.13 98.17 ± 21.60 −0.441 0.637 0.795
HCT% 26.86 ± 4.26 26.90 ± 2.16 0.138 0.015 0.924
MCV (fL) 45.65 ± 4.95 50.21 ± 6.14 9.990 0.239 0.001
MCH (pg) 16.65 ± 1.70 18.33 ± 1.57 10.132 0.948 0.001
MCHC (g/L) 36.66 ± 2.84 35.96 ± 5.66 −1.909 0.284 0.478
PLT (109/L) 398.28 ± 114.99 351.36 ± 99.68 −11.779 0.484 0.001

Data are presented as mean values ± standard deviation of mean.

AST, aspartate aminotransferase; GGT, gamma glutamyltransferase; ALP, alkaline phosphatase; LCAT, lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase; T. Bil, total bilirubin; NEFA, non-esterified fatty acids; BHBA, beta-hydroxybutyrate; T.CHOL, total cholesterol; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; VLDL, very low-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; TG, triglyceride; FC, free cholesterol; CE, cholesteryl ester; E. ratio, ester ratio; PL, phospholipids; TP, total protein; ALB, albumin; AG, albumin/globulin ratio; GLU, Glucose; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; Ca, total serum calcium; P, inorganic phosphorus; Mg, magnesium; WBC, total white blood cell count; RBC, total red blood cell count; Hg, hemoglobin content; HCT, hematocrit; MCV, mean corpuscular volume; MCH, mean corpuscular hemoglobin; MCHC, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration; and PLT, platelet count.

Farid et al.

Farid et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:73   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-73

Open Data