Open Access Highly Accessed Case report

Physical reparative treatment in reptiles

Salvatore Rinaldi1*, Maddalena Iannaccone2, Gian Enrico Magi3, Emanuela Costantini4, Alessandro Castagna1, Eraldo Sanna Passino5, Margherita Maioli67 and Vania Fontani1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Rinaldi Fontani Institute, Viale Belfiore 43, Florence 50144, Italy

2 Il mondo degli animali esotici, Via S. Martino 67/r, Genoa 16131, Italy

3 School of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Camerino, Via Circonvallazione 93/95, Matelica (MC) 62024, Italy

4 Society of Neuro Psycho Physical Optimization, and REAC technology, Viale Belfiore 43, Florence 50144, Italy

5 School of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

6 Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

7 Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Stem Cell Engineering, National Institute of Biostructures and Biosystems, Bologna, Italy

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BMC Veterinary Research 2013, 9:39  doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-39

Published: 26 February 2013



The tissue growth necessary to achieve a complete or partial restitution ad integrum as a result of injury to soft tissue and/or hard times in reptiles is variable and often needs long time in relation to the species, to the habitat and to their intrinsic physiological characteristics. The purpose of this work was to see if the tissue optimization (TO) treatment with radio electric asymmetric conveyer (REAC) provided good results in these animals and whether its use translates into reduced time of tissue repair. This paper describes preliminary results with in promoting the tissue repair in reptiles.

Cases presentation

A 5 year old male Testudo graeca (Leo) and Trachemys scripta scripta (Mir) and a 15 year old female Testudo hermanni (Juta) were evaluated because of soft tissue injuries. A female 25 year old Trachemys scripta elegans (Ice), a female 2.5 year old Trachemys scripta scripta (Penelope) as well as a 50 year old male Testudo graeca (Margherito) were evaluated because of wounds of the carapace. Following debridement and traditional therapies, Leo, Penelope and Margherito were exposed to the radio electric asymmetric conveyer (REAC) device, with a specific treatment protocol, named tissue optimization-basic (TO-B). Also Ice and Mir were subjected to REAC treatment after wounds debridement. Juta was treated only with REAC treatment.

Complete wound healing was evident after 17 days for Leo, 7 days for Penelope, 27 days for Mir, 78 days for Ice and after 14 days for Margherito. Juta showed a considerable tissue activation in 2 days and complete wound healing in 5 days.


Our findings suggest that REAC TO-B treatment may provide advantages over other traditional methods after complete wound healing in Leo, and also suitable healing in the other patients. Then REAC device with its specific treatment TO-B protocol, which induces tissue repair without causing severe stress to the patient, could be a potential therapy for tissue damage healing in reptiles. Further studies still need to be conducted to support our observations.

Tissue repair; Tissue optimization; Tortoise; Turtle; Radio electric asymmetric conveyer