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Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy in groupers (Epinephelus spp.) in southern Italy: a threat for wild endangered species?

Niccolò Vendramin12, Pierpaolo Patarnello4, Anna Toffan1*, Valentina Panzarin1, Elisabetta Cappellozza1, Perla Tedesco3, Antonio Terlizzi3, Calogero Terregino1 and Giovanni Cattoli1

Author Affiliations

1 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, viale dell’Università, 10-35020, Legnaro, Padova, Italy

2 Current affiliation: EURL for fishdiseases, DTU VET, Hangovej 2, Aarhus, Denmark

3 Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Università del Salento, CoNISMa, Lecce, Italy

4 Fish Patologist, Private Expert, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, viale dell’Università, 10 -35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy

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BMC Veterinary Research 2013, 9:20  doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-20

Published: 26 January 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Dusky grouper (E. marginatus) moribund specimen video-recorded in October 2011 from a scuba diving instructor in Santa Maria di Leuca. This fish, observed 30 mt deep, displays an abnormal swimming behaviour and blindness. Samples 385.1 (CNS), 385.2 (retina), 385.3 (anterior kidney) and 386.3 (blood) were collected from this specimen and subjected to laboratory investigations. Betanodavirus was detected by Real Time PCR and viral isolation in cell culture (SSN-1) in all the samples, with the exception of sample 386.3 (blood) which yielded negative results.

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