Table 3

Scorecard for the pedal withdrawal reflex
Score Quality Character
0 No reflex There was no increased muscle tension and/or bending of the knee for at least one second after removing the haemostat
1 Normal reflex There was muscle tension and/or bending of the knee
2 Increased reflex There was increased muscle tension, bending of the knee, and muscle vibrations/involuntary movements of other limbs

The pedal withdrawal reflex was determined by applying a haemostat (Hartman baby mosquito BH104R, straight, 100 mm, 4″) on the first clip for 1 second on phalanx III, just above the nail of the left rear leg.

Bakker et al.

Bakker et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:113   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-113

Open Data