Figure 5.

Recommended version of the decision tree for treating metabolic acidosis in calves with neonatal diarrhea in bovine field practice. Examination of the posture/ability to stand includes lifting of the animal if it is not able or willing to stand up. The term enophthalmos is defined as a visible gap between the eyeball and caruncula lacrimalis, which corresponds to a measured eyeball recession of at least 3–4 millimeters.

Trefz et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:238   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-238
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