Table 4

Coxiella burnetii MLVA types observed in three animal and four environmental matrices obtained from 45 farm locations in the Netherlands
Matrix type  Sample type  Origin Sample size MLVA genotypes
A B C D E F A + Ea
Animal Vaginal swabs Goats 63 (15) 46 (11) 6 (2) 2 (1) 9 (1)
Sheep 19 (6) 14 (5) 5 (1)
Placentas Goats 2 (2) 2 (2)
Sheep 1 1
Spleens Rats 11 (4) 6 (3) 5 (1)
Environment Surface swabs Goat farms 69 (17) 53 (13) 13 (3) 3 (1)
Sheep farms 9 (3) 4 (2) 5 (1)
Manure Goat farms 1 1
Milk unit filters Goat farms 13 (7) 11 (6) 2 (1)
Aerosols Goat farms 2 (2) 2 (2)

aboth genotype A and E present in sample.

Samples were obtained from 34 dairy goat farms, 9 (non-dairy) sheep, one cattle farm, and one petting zoo. The number of farms on which the samples were collected is displayed between brackets.

de Bruin et al.

de Bruin et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:165   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-165

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