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Retraction: detection and differentiation of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ticks collected from sheep and cattle in China

Qingli Niu1*, Guiquan Guan1, Jifei Yang1, Yuguang Fu1, Zongke Xu1, Youquan Li1, Miling Ma1, Zhijie Liu1, Junlong Liu1, Aihong Liu1, Qiaoyun Ren1, Wayne Jorgensen2, Jianxun Luo1 and Hong Yin1

Author affiliations

1 State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Key Laboratory of Grazing Animal Diseases MOA, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730046, China

2 Centre of Animal Science, QAAFI, University of Queensland 4072 Australia

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Citation and License

BMC Veterinary Research 2011, 7:56  doi:10.1186/1746-6148-7-56

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received:8 September 2011
Accepted:20 September 2011
Published:20 September 2011

© 2011 Niu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This article [1] has been regretfully retracted due to plagiarism by the authors. The method for the identification of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species in ticks presented in the article was originally developed and published by Sjoerd Rijpkema and colleagues [2]. The authors apologise to all affected parties for the inconvenience caused.


  1. Niu Q, Guan G, Yang J, Fu Y, Xu Z, Li Y, Miling Ma1, Liu Z, Liu J, Liu A, Ren Q, Jorgensen W, Luo J, Yin H: Detection and differentiation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ticks collected from sheep and cattle in China.

    BMC Veterinary Research 2011, 7:17. PubMed Abstract | BioMed Central Full Text | PubMed Central Full Text OpenURL

  2. Rijpkema SG, Molkenboer MJ, Schouls LM, Jongejan F, Schellekens JF: Simultaneous Detection and Genotyping of Three Genomic Groups of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato in Dutch Ixodes ricinus Ticks by Characterization of the Amplified Intergenic Spacer Region between 5S and 23S rRNA Genes.

    J Clin Microbiol 1995, 33(12):3091-5. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text | PubMed Central Full Text OpenURL