Table 2

Prevalence of ectoparasites in dogs, stratified by urban or rural communities.

Overall (n = 396)

Urban (n = 192)

Rural (n = 204)

Urban vs. Rural

N infected

% (95%CI)

N infected

% (95%CI)

N infected

%(95%CI)

p value


Fleas

Ctenocephalides canis

127

32.1(27.5 – 6.9)

40

20.8(14.9 – 26.7)

87

42.6(35.8 – 49.7)

< 0.0001

Pulex irritans

26

6.6(4.3 – 9.5)

7

3.6(1.5 – 7.4)

19

9.3(5.7 – 14.2)

0.026

Tunga penetrans

2

0.5 (0.0 – 1.8)

0

0.0

2

1.0(0.0 – 3.5)

0.5

Mites

Demodex canis

4

1.0 (0.0 – 2.6)

0

0.0

4

2.0(0.0 – 4.9)

0.12

Otodectes sp.

39

9.8(7.1 – 13.2)

6

3.1(1.2 – 6.7)

33

16.2(11.4 – 22.0)

< 0.0001

Sarcoptes scabiei var. canis

8

2.0(0.1 – 3.4)

1

0.5(0.0 – 2.9)

7

3.4(1.3 – 6.9)

0.069

Ticks

Rhipicephalus sanguineus

76

19.2(15.4 – 23.4)

25

13.0(8.6 – 18.6)

51

25.0(19.2 – 31.5)

0.003

Ixodes sp.

18

4.5(2.7 – 7.1)

7

3.6(1.5 – 7.4)

11

5.4(2.7 – 9.4)

0.5

Lice

Trichodectes canis

42

10.6(7.8 – 14.1)

15

7.8(4.4 – 12.6)

27

13.2(8.9 – 18.7)

0.1

Number of ectoparasite species per host

One ectoparasite species

159

40.2(35.3 – 45.2)

60

31.3(24.8 – 38.3)

99

48.5(41.5 – 55.6)

< 0.0001

Two ectoparasite species

72

18.2(14.5 – 22.3)

19

9.9(6.1 – 15.0)

53

26.0(20.1 – 32.6)

< 0.0001

Three ectoparasite species

7

1.8(0.7 – 3.6)

1

0.5(0.0 – 2.9)

6

2.9(1.1 – 6.3)

0.12

Four or more ectoparasite species

1

0.3(0.0 – 1.4)

0

0.0

1

0.5(0.0 – 2.7)

1.0


Ugbomoiko et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:49   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-4-49

Open Data