Table 1

Hospitalization and intervention characteristics of selected study regions

Characteristic

District (region)


Kambugu Hospital

(South Western)

Mubende Hospital

(Central 2)

Jinja Hospital

(East Central)

Tororo Hospital

(Mid-Eastern)

Apac Hospital

(Mid-Northern)


Number of beds

135

100

431

285

100


Projected population <15 years in 30 km radial catchment:


1999

235,448

116,802

398,969

310,100

116,910


2009

280,321

159,316

522,751

413,633

166,559


Average annual rainfall 1999-2009, mm

1,009

1,062

1,359

1,553

1,471


Malaria admission rate per 1,000 catchment of 0-14-year-old population per year 1999-2009

(95% CI),

total malaria records

6.85

(6.76 to 6.95),

19,398

9.20

(9.04 to 9.35),

13,860

8.71

(8.62 to 8.80),

39,355

12.49

(12.38 to 12.60),

49,413

20.30

(20.07 to 20.52),

31,351


Non-malaria admission rate per 1,000 catchment of 0-14-year-old population per year 1999-2009

(95% CI),

total non-malaria records

1.41

(1.37 to 1.46),

7,607

5.05

(4.94 to 5.16),

7,607

4.34

(4.28 to 4.40),

19,622

2.93

(2.88 to 2.98),

11,595

11.63

(11.46 to 11.81),

17,970


Intervention coverage:a


UDHS 2000/2001


Percentage of children under 5 years with fever treated with recommended first-line drug CQ (n)

10.4 (316)

10.2 (206)

25.0 (356)

17.6 (278)

9.6 (187)


Percentage ITN coverage in children aged <5 yearsb (n)

0.15 (1374)

0.92 (649)

0.36 (845)

0.73 (683)

0.50 (399)


UDHS 2006


Percentage of children under 5 years with fever treated with recommended first-line drug CQ + SP (n)

19.5 (205)

8.3 (240)

9.6 (374)

8.4 (346)

16.8 (499)


Percentage ITN coverage in children aged <5 yearsb (n)

7.1 (917)

4.2 (793)

5.0 (925)

6.5 (799)

23.1 (1063)


UMIS 2009


Percentage of children under 5 years with fever treated with recommended first-line drug AL (n)

10.0 (106)

18.0 (158)

13.4 (322)

16.6 (130)

40.8 (361)


Percentage ITN coverage in children aged <5 yearsb (n)

32.6 (487)

11.3 (352)

18.9 (564)

41.8 (479)

41.8 (568)


Proportion of households sprayed in last 12 months (n)

1.8 (705)

4.6 (439)

0.4 (557)

0.6 (530)

31.6 (552)


Transmission intensity at end of surveillance period 2009


Parasite rate among children aged 1-59 months November-December 2009 (n)

11.6% (460)

50.7% (344)

56.3% (538)

37.5% (472)

62.5% (554)


aIndividual level data from the Uganda Malaria Indicator Survey (UMIS) undertaken between November and December 2009 was not available at the time of publication thus we have resorted to reporting regional estimates. The sample was stratified into nine survey regions across the country, plus Kampala. Individual-level data from the Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys (UDHS) undertaken in September-March 2000/2001, May-October 2006 data were reconstructed from empirical data available at http://www.measuredhs.org/ webcite and extracted to correspond to intervention coverage within the regions used in the MIS 2009.

bInsecticide-treated net (ITN) coverage was defined as the percentage of children aged under 5 who slept under an ITN last night and a treated net defined as one that was long lasting or had been soaked or dipped in insecticide in last 6 months.

AL = artemether-lumefanthrine; CQ = chloroquine; SP = sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine;.

Okiro et al. BMC Medicine 2011 9:37   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-37

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