Table 5

Univariate and multivariate associations with detection of any human papillomavirus (HPV) type, all women aged ≤40 years (n = 2152).

Variable

Any HPV-positive, %

OR (95%CI)

P value

Adjusted OR (95%CI)

P value


Indigenousa

Yes

49.4%

1.4 (1.2 to 1.7)

< 0.001

1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)

0.3

No

41.2%

Smokingb

Yes

51.8%

1.6 (1.4 to 2.0)

< 0.001

1.4 (1.2 to 1.8)

< 0.001

No

39.5%

Age, yearsc

0.915 (0.902 to 0.929)

< 0.001

0.921 (0.908 to 0.935)

< 0.001

Age, 5-year bands

< 21 years

65.8%

5.3 (3.7 to 7.5)

< 0.001

Modeled as continuous variable as above

21 to 25 years

54.8%

3.3 (2.5 to 4.4)

26 to 30 years

42.6%

2.0 (1.5 to 2.7)

31 to 35 years

33.5%

1.4 (1.0 to1.9)

36 to 40 years

26.7%

Reference

HCd

Yes

47.0%

1.25 (1.05 to 1.49)

0.01

1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)

0.3

No

41.5%


aThree missing.

bTwenty-one missing.

cFor each one year increase in age.

dTwenty missing. HC = hormonal contraception

Garland et al. BMC Medicine 2011 9:104   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-104

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