Table 4

Included studies interventions, intensity and outcome measures

Study

Intervention

Intensity - mean hours delivered (SD)

Measurement time points

Outcome measures

Control

Extra

Control

Extra

Baseline

Outcome

Follow-up 1

Follow-up 2


Cooke 2009

Conventional physical therapy - lower limb from usual staff

9.2

(6.9)

23.0 (10.4)

Pre-intervention

After 6 weeks of intervention

12 weeks after end treatment

NA

▪ Walking speed

▪ Ability to walk at 0.8 m/s or more

▪ Modified Rivermead Mobility Index

▪ Knee flexion peak torque

▪ Knee extension peak torque

Extra from research staff

Donaldson 2009

Conventional physical therapy - upper limb from usual staff

2.81

(3.7)

13.8

(27.1)

Pre-intervention

After 6 weeks of intervention

12 weeks after end treatment

▪ Action Research Arm Test

▪ 9 hole peg test

▪ Hand grip force

▪ Pinch grip force

▪ Elbow flexion force - isometric

▪ Elbow extension force - isometric

Extra from research staff

GAPS 2004

Treatment broadly based on 'normal movement' (Bobath approach) from usual staff.

Average 21

(no data)

Average 34

(no data)

Pre-intervention

After 4 weeks of intervention

3 months after start treatment

6 months after start treatment

▪ Rivermead Mobility Index

▪ Motricty Index

Lincoln 1999

Treatment based on the Bobath approach from usual staff

No data

Median 9.58 extra to control

(IQR 4.7-10)

Pre-intervention

After 5 weeks of intervention

3 months after start treatment

6 months after start treatment

▪ Rivermead Arm Assessment

▪ Action Research Arm Test

▪ Rivermead Motor Assess - gross function

▪ 10-hole Peg Teat

▪ Maximum grip strength

Extra from research staff

Kwakkel 1999 & 2002

Routine arm & leg training using evidenced-based guidelines from usual staff

27.5 arm

&

23.2 leg*

Arm group

91.8*

Pre-intervention

After 20 weeks treatment

26 weeks after start treatment

52 weeks after start treatment

Arm group

▪ Action Research Arm Test

▪ Frenchay Activities Index

Arm group

Arm training from usual staffLeg group

Leg training from usual staff

leg*

Leg group

84.2*

Leg group

▪ Comfortable walking speed

▪ Maximum walking speed

▪ Functional Ambulation Categories

Partridge 2000

Bobath method of treatment from usual staff

No data

No data

Pre-intervention

After 6 weeks of intervention

6 months after start treatment

NA

▪ Functional reach

▪ 5-metre timed walk

▪ Timed sit-to-stand

Rodgers 2003

Normal movement approach (Bobath) within meaningful activity and task analysis from usual staff

17.4

24.9

Pre-intervention

None

3 months after stroke

6 months after stroke

▪ Action Research Arm Test

▪ Upper Limb Motricity Index

▪ Frenchay Arm Test


* calculated using minutes/day data 20 weeks each with 5 treatment days

$ calculated using median 30 days with 0.58 hours a day for control and 0.83 hours a day for extra

Cooke et al. BMC Medicine 2010 8:60   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-8-60

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