Table 8

Overview of sequelae and mortality by bacterial pathogen and for all-cause confirmed bacterial meningitis (CBM)

Type of bacteria

No. of studies with in-hospital data

Total no. cases

In-hospital CFR: median (min, max)

% With any in-hospital sequelae: median (min, max)

No. of studies with post-discharge data

Total no. cases discharged

% Cases died after discharge: median (min, max)

% With any post-discharge sequelae: median (min, max)


Pneumococcus

14

1,463

35% (9% to 67%)

25% (16% to 38%)

3

147

0%, 22.5%a

5%, 41%, 58%a

Hib

15

1,373

25% (4% to 41%)

25% (4% to 44%)

3

187

0%, 14%, 16%a

0%, 13%, 38%a

Meningococcus

8

1,065

4% (1% to 13%)

7% (3% to 21%)

2

306

0%a

3%, 9%a

All bacteria

27

4,245

27% (1% to 75%)

18% (4% to 57%)

10

1,118

0% (0% to 18%)

25% (3% to 47%)


aActual values.

CFR = case fatality ratio; Hib = Haemophilus influenzae type b.

Ramakrishnan et al. BMC Medicine 2009 7:47   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-7-47

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