Table 7

Impact of closing institutions when >5 infections per 1000 subjects are observed in the community. Estimates are cumulative numbers per 100 inhabitants, unless otherwise specified.

Outcomes

Closing schools

(Outbreak, n = 111)

Closing schools and workplaces

(Outbreak, n = 101)


Mean

Minimum-Maximum

Mean

Minimum-Maximum


Infections

Total

9.7

0.5–19.5

1.1

0.6–2.1

Childrena

10.3

1.6–23.1

2.0

0.6–3.8

Adultsa

9.9

0.6–23.7

0.8

0.4–1.5

Elderlya

6.1

0.3–14.5

0.8

0.1–3.2

Physician visits

6.4

0.6–14.1

0.7

0.4–1.4

Hospital admissions

0.36

0.03–0.9

0.04

0.0–0.11

Deaths

0.081

0–0.3

0.009

0.0 – 0.04

Lost workdaysb

324

80–464

1885

977–5484

Duration of closure (days)

101

13–107

27

14–78


aPer 100 individuals of a given age

bPer 100 working adults

Carrat et al. BMC Medicine 2006 4:26   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-4-26

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