Table 3

Differences in motivation and process of the surface, deep and strategic approaches to learning assessed in the Study Process Questionnaire [41].




Completion of the course Fear of failure

Rote learning of facts and ideas Focussing on task components in isolation Little real interest in content


Interest in the subject Vocational relevance Personal understanding

Relate ideas to evidence Integration of material across courses Identifying general principles


Achieving high grades Competing with others To be successful

Use techniques that achieve highest grades Level of understanding Patchy and variable

McManus et al. BMC Medicine 2004 2:29   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-2-29

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