Table 3

Differences in motivation and process of the surface, deep and strategic approaches to learning assessed in the Study Process Questionnaire [41].

Motivation

Process


Surface

Completion of the course Fear of failure

Rote learning of facts and ideas Focussing on task components in isolation Little real interest in content

Deep

Interest in the subject Vocational relevance Personal understanding

Relate ideas to evidence Integration of material across courses Identifying general principles

Strategic

Achieving high grades Competing with others To be successful

Use techniques that achieve highest grades Level of understanding Patchy and variable


McManus et al. BMC Medicine 2004 2:29   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-2-29

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