Table 1

Dimensions of the AWQ and WCQ [2].

Approaches to work questionnaire

Surface disorganised:

Feeling overwhelmed by work. For example, being unsure what is needed to complete a task, finding it difficult to organise time effectively, reading things without really understanding them.

Surface rational:

Preference for order, detail, and routine. For example likes to know precisely what is expected, puts of a lot of effort into memorising important facts when learning something new.

Deep approach:

Integrative approach that leads to personal understanding. For example, tries to relate new ideas to situations where they might apply.

Workplace climate questionnaire


Perception of control over what one does and how one does it.


Perception that help is available in the workplace and colleagues are understanding.


Perception of heavy workload and having to cope alone.

McManus et al. BMC Medicine 2004 2:29   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-2-29

Open Data