Table 1

Overview of kidney biopsy findings in patients with connective tissue diseases
Renal biopsy findings Connective tissue disease
Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) Sjögren syndrome [2,6,7], Rheumatoid arthritis [17]
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis/IgA nephropathy Sjögren syndrome [2], Polymyositis [46,50,51], Dermatomyositis [58], Systemic lupus erythematosus [80], Rheumatoid arthritis [17,138]
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) Sjögren syndrome [6], Systemic lupus erythematosus [81], Antiphospholipid syndrome [124], Rheumatoid arthritis [139]
Cryoglobulinemic membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis Sjögren syndrome [2,6]
Minimal change disease Sjögren syndrome [6,24], Polymyositis [52], Systemic lupus erythematosus [82,83], Antiphospholipid syndrome [124], Rheumatoid arthritis [17]
Membranous nephropathy Sjögren syndrome [2,6], Polymyositis [53], Dermatomyositis [55-57], Class V lupus nephritis [78], Antiphospholipid syndrome [124], Rheumatoid arthritis [17,133-135]
Secondary renal amyloidosis Sjögren syndrome [18], Rheumatoid arthritis [17,136,137]
Thrombotic microangiopathy Antiphospholipid syndrome [119,123], Scleroderma renal crisis [13]
Diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis Dermatomyositis [49]
IgM nephropathy Systemic lupus erythematosus [81]
Collapsing glomerulopathy Systemic lupus erythematosus [79]
Lupus nephritis Class I to VI lupus nephritis [78], drug-induced proliferative lupus nephritis [142]
Fibrillary glomerulonephritis Antiphospholipid syndrome [125], Rheumatoid arthritis [140]
Necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis (including drug-induced forms) Scleroderma [35], Rheumatoid arthritis [141]
Focal proliferative glomerulonephritis Rheumatoid arthritis [17]
Crescentic GN with FSGS Polymyositis [61]
C3 nephropathy Antiphospholipid syndrome [124]

Kronbichler and Mayer

Kronbichler and Mayer BMC Medicine 2013 11:95   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-95

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