Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients treated or not treated with lithium.

Demographic and clinical characteristics

Patients treated with lithium

Lithium-naïve patients

P

Number = 139

Number = 70


Male: number (%)

44 (31.7)

17 (24.3)

n.s.

Mean current age in years (SD)

58.0 (14.0)

50.0 (12.4)

0.0001

Bipolar disorder (ICD10 F31): number (%)

119 (85.6)

58 (82.8)

n.s.

Other affective disorders (ICD10 F33-34): number (%)

20 (14.4)

12 (17.2)

n.s.

Cigarette smoking: number (%)

35 (25.2)

11 (15.7)

n.s.

Hypertension: number (%)

40 (28.8)

14 (20.0)

n.s.

Diabetes: number (%)

16 (11.5)

8 (11.4)

n.s.

Dyslipidemia: number (%)

76 (54.7)

34 (48.6)

n.s.


ICD10, International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition; n.s. non-significant; SD, standard deviation.

Bocchetta et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:33   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-33

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