Table 2

Predictors of early and late mortality in hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (adapted from Singanayagam et al.[24])
Predictors of short-term mortality (up to 90 days after hospitalization) Predictors of long-term mortality (up to 2 years after hospitalization)
Age Age
Male sex Low body mass index
Low body mass index Cardiac failure
Cardiac failure Diabetes mellitus
Chronic renal failure Ischemic heart disease
Confusion Malignancy
Long-term oxygen therapy FEV1
Lower limb edema Long-term oxygen therapy
GOLD stage 4 disease PaO2 on admission
Cor pulmonale
Raised plasma troponin level

Abbreviations: GOLD Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease, FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second, PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood.

Suh et al.

Suh et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:247   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-247

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