Table 5

Neonatal and maternal mortality outcomes by treatment for all clusters
Group
Intervention Control P-value
Clusters, N 53 53
Outcomes for full intervention period
Births ≥1000 g, N 56,223 55,306
Outcomes - Mean (95% CI)
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 40.1 (37.3, 42.9) 40.1 (37.4, 42.8) 0.9996
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.8 (19.8, 23.9) 22.6 (20.5, 24.6) 0.6177
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate/1,000) 15.2 (13.4, 17.0) 15.5 (14.0, 17.0) 0.8082
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 18.7 (17.3, 20.1) 18.2 (16.6, 19.7) 0.5950
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 23.8 (22.0, 25.5) 22.5 (20.6, 24.5) 0.3362
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 33.8 (31.2, 36.3) 33.4 (31.2, 35.5) 0.8105
  Maternal mortality (<42 days) (Rate/100,000) 125.1 (97.7, 160.2) 130.9 (104.5, 163.9) 0.7321
Outcomes for final six months of intervention period
Births ≥1,000 g, N 15,412 15,180
Outcomes - Mean (95% CI)
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 39.6 (35.8, 43.4) 41.4 (37.4, 45.5) 0.5043
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.6 (18.8, 24.4) 22.9 (19.7, 26.2) 0.5491
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate/1,000) 15.2 (12.7, 17.7) 14.5 (12.2, 16.8) 0.6826
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 18.7 (16.7, 20.8) 19.0 (16.8, 21.3) 0.8458
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 23.4 (21.0, 25.8) 22.9 (20.3, 25.6) 0.7822
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 33.4 (30.1, 36.8) 33.4 (30.3, 36.4) 0.9734
  Maternal mortality (<42 days) (Rate/100,000) 109.1 (64.5, 184.5) 78.3 (44.0, 139.3) 0.2799
Outcomes for 12-months post-intervention period
Births ≥1,000 g, N 27,852 26,356
Outcomes - Mean (95% CI)
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 37.9 (34.0, 41.7) 36.6 (33.2, 40.0) 0.6202
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.7 (19.2, 24.2) 21.1 (18.9, 23.4) 0.7406
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate/1,000) 14.8 (12.7, 16.9) 14.1 (12.2, 16.0) 0.6271
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 16.4 (14.5, 18.4) 15.9 (13.8, 18.0) 0.7136
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 21.4 (19.0, 23.8) 20.0 (17.5, 22.5) 0.4311
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 31.3 (27.7, 34.9) 29.7 (26.6, 32.9) 0.5126

Pasha et al.

Pasha et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:215   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-215

Open Data