Table 4

Differences in satisfaction of family members in cases when PACE was and was not completeda
Aspect Components PACE Mann–Whitney U-test

PACE.

n

No PACE, n P-value two-tailed
Completed, median (range) Not completed, median (range)
Symptoms Assessment and treatment of:
 Pain 1 (1 to 4) 1 (1 to 5) 1247.0 81 40 0.014b
 Breathlessness 1 (1 to 3) 1 (1 to 5) 829.5 72 31 0.014b
 Nausea/vomiting 1 (1 to 3) 1.5 (1 to 4) 616.0 58 28 0.032b
 Agitation 1 (1 to 3) 2 (1 to 4) 761.0 69 29 0.031b
 Confusion 1 (1 to 4) 2 (1 to 5) 655.5 63 29 0.010b
 Communication difficulties  1 (1 to 4) 2 (1 to 4) 698.5 64 28 0.054
Communication Consistency of information provided to relatives about patient’s condition 2 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 5) 1138.0 80 37 0.033b
How well ICU staff informed relatives about what was happening to patients 1 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 5) 1292.0 82 37 0.148
Communication about patient’s condition from nurses 1 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 4) 1352.5 81 39 0.157
Communication about patient’s condition from doctors 2 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 5) 1290.0 76 35 0.788
Willingness of ICU staff to answer questions 1 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 4) 1348.0 80 39 0.177
ICU staff provided explanations that you understood 1 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 5) 1315.5 81 39 0.107
Prognostic uncertainty and decision-making Honesty of information provided to relatives about patient’s condition 1 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 4) 1234.5 80 39 0.041b
Feeling included in the decision-making process 2 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 5) 1431.5 82 37 0.610
Feeling supported in the decision-making process 2 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 4) 1188.50 79 36 0.137
Meeting individual wishes ICU staff interest in relative’s needs 1 (1 to 5) 1 (1 to 5) 1414.5 84 38 0.252
Information about patients given to the right people (that is, those close to them) 1 (1 to 5) 2 (1 to 4) 1250.0 78 35 0.439
Enough time to ask questions 1 (1 to 4) 2 (1 to 4) 1443.0 84 38 0.349
ICU staff provided emotional support for relative 1 (1 to 4) 2 (1 to 5) 1090.0 75 35 0.119
Quality of care relative and patient received in ICU 1 (1 to 4) 1 (1 to 5) 1471.0 83 40 0.232
Supporting dignity, respect, and peace Courtesy, respect, and compassion for patient 1 (1 to 5) 1 (1 to 5) 1594.0 84 40 0.556
Courtesy, respect, and compassion for relative 1 (1 to 4) 1 (1 to 5) 1483.0 87 39 0.179
Care for patient from nurses 1 (1 to 5) 1 (1 to 4) 1415.0 84 39 0.110
Care for patient from doctors 1 (1 to 4) 1 (1 to 5) 1447.0 83 39 0.264
Atmosphere in the ICU 2 (1 to 4) 2 (1 to 4) 1583.0 82 40 0.739
Atmosphere in the ICU waiting room 2 (1 to 5) 3 (1 to 5) 1086.0 72 31 0.824

Abbreviations: ICU intensive care unit, PACE Psychosocial Assessment and Communication Evaluation.

aLower scores indicate higher satisfaction.

bSignificant at p<0.05.

Higginson et al.

Higginson et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11:213   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-213

Open Data